联合国中文日

                       Chinese Language Day at the United Nations

 

 

大家好!我们今天聊一个新的题目:中文日,因为中文日马下就要来到啦(4月20日)。
Hello everyone! Today let’s talk about a new topic: Chinese Language Day, which is approaching (April 20).

什么?老师,我们天主教大学不是每年都有一个中国日活动吗?在中国日,我们有舞龙、书法、太极、编织中国结、中国知识和中国文化讲座、中国歌曲、(中国留学生)中国舞蹈、(波兰留学生)在中国留学经历回顾等,活动多么丰富多彩啊!那,“中文日”又是什么日啊?
Co? Mr. Yang, don’t we have a China Day at our Catholic University each year? On China Days, we enjoy dragon dance, calligraphy, Tai Chi, Chinese knots weaving, lectures on China and Chinese culture, Chinese songs, Chinese dances (by students from China), review of the experience of studying in China (by Polish students), etc. What colorful activities! Then, what day is "Chinese Language Day"?

好,现在杨老师就给大家慢慢分解。这个“中文日”啊,可是大有来头,全称叫做“联合国中文日”。我们简短捷说。
Well, now JYang will explain it step by step for you all. It is called "Chinese Language Day" with an unusual background, the full name of which is " Chinese Language Day at the United Nations". we will try to make this long story short.

1 联合国国际日
 International Days at the United Nations


我们从联合国国际日说起。目前联合国有下面这些国际日:

1)2月21日 - 国际母语日
2)3月20日 - 法文日 
3)4月20日 - 中文日 
4)4月23日 - 英文日  
5)6月6日 - 俄文日  
6)9月30日- 国际翻译日
7)10月12日 - 西班牙文日 
8)12月18日 - 阿拉伯文日 

We start with the International Days at the United Nations. The United Nations currently has the following International Days:
1)Feb.21 - International Native Languages Day
2)March 20 - French Language Day
3)April 20 - Chinese Language Day
4)April 23 -  UN English Language Day
5)June 6 - Russian Language Day
6)Sept. 30 - International Translation Day
7)Oct. 12 - Spanish Language Day
8)Dec.18 - Arabic Language Day

2 联合国国际母语日
 International Mother Tongue Day


说起联合国中文日,还要从联合国“国际母语日”说起,而联合国国际日中第一个便是国际母语日(2月21日)。
We cannot talk about Chinese Language Day at the United Nations without talking about the United Nations "International Mother Tongue Day", and the first of the United Nations International Days listed is the International Mother Language Day (February 21).

语言的重要性不言而喻。语言是我们人类最重要的交流方式,据说全球有5,651种甚至更多(7,000种)语言。语言的体现的是人类的思维和不同的民族与文化,也是人类文明传承的最重要的途径,而文字又极大支持了语言的功能。为庆祝多语种和文化多样性,联合国教科文组织倡导了国际母语日。
The importance of language cannot be overstated. Language is the most important way of human communication. It is said that there are 5,651 or more (7,000) languages in the world. Language embodies human thinking and different nationalities and cultures, and it is also the most important way for the inheritance of human civilization, and written words greatly support the function of language. In order to seek to celebrate multilingualism and cultural diversity, UNESCO initiated the International Mother Tongue Day.

3 语言日
Language Days


在联合国国际日中,除1)国际母语日和6)国际翻译日外,其余6个是语言日:
1)3月20日法文日(法语组织成立纪念日)
2)4月20日中文日(中国的“谷雨”节) 
3)4月23日英文日(莎士比亚诞辰与逝世日)
4)4月23日西班牙文日(塞万提斯逝世日)
5)6月6日俄文日(普希金诞辰日)
6)12月18日阿拉伯文日(阿拉伯文定为正式联合国工作语言日)
注:这6种语言正是联合国的官方和工作语言)
With the exception of 1) International Mother Tongue Day and 6) International Translation Day, of the International Days at the United Nations, 6 ones are Language Days:
1) French Language Day on March 20 (anniversary of the founding of the French Language Organization)
2) Chinese Language Day on April 20 (China’s "Guyu" solar term)
3) English Day on April 23 (Shakespeare’s birthday and death day)
4) Spanish Language Day on April 23 (Cervantes' death day)
5) Russian Language Day on June 6 (Pushkin’s birthday)
6) Arabic Language Day on December 18 (the day of Arabic Language as official United Nations working language)
(Note: These 6 languages are the official and working languages of the United Nations)

 

联合国会议正在进行中文同声传译

Simultaneous interpretation in Chinese at the UN conference 

 

联合国网站正在汉语广播Broadcasting in Chinese at the United Nations website 

 

4 联合国工作语言

    UN Working languages


联合国目前的官方和工作语言是:
阿拉伯语
中文
英语
法语
俄语
西班牙语
官方语言是提供联合国所有正式文件的语言。工作语言用于工作人员之间的内部沟通。英语和法语是秘书处的工作语言,用于日常的专业交流。
The current official and working languages of the United Nations are:
Arabic
Chinese
English
French
Russian
Spanish
Official languages are the languages in which all official United Nations documents are made available. Working languages are used for internal communications among staff. English and French are the working languages of the Secretariat, used for daily professional interactions.
(Note: English and French are the working languages of the United Nations Secretariat )

 

 

5 谷雨和仓颉造字

  Guyu solar term and Cangjie


仓颉是中国古代一位非常重要的人物,号称是轩辕黄帝的御用史官和汉字的发明者。相传他有4只眼和4个瞳孔,当他在5,000多年前发明了汉字时,鬼神都哭了,天上降下谷物雨。从那时起,中国人为了纪念仓颉,将谷雨这一天作为节日来庆祝,这是传统的东亚历法中24个节气中的第6个。按照公历,谷雨通常从 4 月 20 日左右开始。
注:《淮南子·本经》“昔者仓颉作书,而天雨粟,鬼夜哭。”)
Cangjie is a very important figure in ancient China, claimed to be an official historian of the Yellow Emperor and the inventor of Chinese characters. Legend has it that he had four eyes and four pupils, and that when he invented the characters 5,000 years ago, the deities and ghosts cried and the sky rained millet. From then on, Chinese people celebrate the day Guyu in honour of Cangjie, which is the 6th of 24 solar terms in the traditional East Asian calendars. In the Gregorian calendar, it usually begins around April 20.
(Note: Huainanzi · Benjing“In ancient time Cangjie wrote a book, when the sky rained millet and ghosts cried at night.)

 

6 中文日 Chinese Language Day


中文日的日期选在谷雨节("谷物雨"),是为了纪念中华文字始祖仓颉。
The date for the Chinese day was selected from Guyu ("Rain of Millet"),  to pay tribute to Cangjie, the originator of Chinese characters.

现在,中文日已经成为人们了解中国文化的一个窗口。特别是近年来,在联合国出现学习中文的热潮。在联合国6种官方语言中,中文是唯一设有赴母语国学习活动的语种。作为联合国语言培训项目,联合国工作人员定期赴华参加汉语培训。
Now, Chinese Language Day has become a window for people to understand Chinese culture. Especially in recent years, there has been an upsurge in learning Chinese in the United Nations. Among the six official languages of the United Nations, Chinese is the only language with study activities in its native language country. As a UN language training program, UN staff are regularly sent to China for Chinese language training.

 

                

 

作为国际语言教师,杨老师深切期盼学生们尽快掌握好中文,也深深被学生努力学习汉语所感动,更为学生们取得的成绩高兴。
As an international language teacher, JYang sincerely hopes that the students will have good mastery of Chinese language as soon as possible. He is also deeply moved by the students' hard work in learning Chinese, and is even more pleased with the students’ academic results.

借此机会,杨老师再次展示几个波兰卢布林天主教大学中文系一年级的学生在学习汉语书写课两个月后的作业笔迹,以此为所有正在努力学习汉语的同学和汉语爱好者鼓劲、点赞!
JYang would like to take this opportunity to show once again the handwriting as homework by some first-year students of Sinologia of Catholic University of Lublin, Poland, after two months’ Chinese pismo class learning, aiming at encouraging and praising all the students and  Chinese lovers who are working hard to learn Chinese language!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                      

 

杨老师有个温馨建议
课后你在家里做什么?如果你有意参加HSK的话,杨老师有个建议,你可以访问杨老师的汉语教学网站 jyangkul.net 的“汉语水平考试 HSK”栏目中的“考试资料HSK Materials”,在那里杨老师已经放进去很多很多非常有用的HSK学习资料供你自学,从HSK一级到六级,包括“HSK标准教程”(课本、音频、练习册、PDF下载)等。祝大家学习进步!                              

    

JYang has a warm suggestion

What do you do after class at home? If you want to take HSK, Jyang has a suggestion. You may vist "考试资料 HSK Materials" in the "汉语水平考试 HSK" section of Jyang’s website jyangkul.net, where JYang has put a lot of very useful HSK learning materials for your self-study, from Level 1 to Level 6, including "HSK Standard Courses" (textbook, audio, workbook, PDF for download), etc. Have a great progress in learning Chinese! 

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学习汉语的课堂;了解中国的窗口

A Classroom for Chinese Learning;

A Window for Knowing China