聊聊物联网 Talk about Internet of Things

 

          


大家好!你们一定了解互联网,可是你们知道物联网吗?如果不知道,你们就落伍啦!

Hello everyone! You must know internet, but do you know Internet of Things? If not, you are out!

我们现在生活在一个高科技迅猛发展的时代。我们已经聊过无人机、区块链与数字货币、IPv6与IPv4、条形码与二维码等,如果现在还不懂这些你就落伍啦!

We are now living in an age of rapid high-tech development. We have talked about drones, blockchain and digital currency, IPv6 and IPv4, barcodes and QR codes, etc. If you don’t know about them by now, you are out!

好,我们今天继续聊聊即将全面到来的人工智能和物联网。

Well, today let’s continue our talk about the upcoming full-blown artificial intelligence and the Internet of Things.


大家可能听说过“十五年周期定律”,即信息技术每隔15年左右发生一次跨越式革命,如1950年左右的初级计算机,1965年左右的大型计算机,1980年左右的个人电脑,1995年左右的互联网,特别是2010年左右的物联网。物联网又被称为继计算机、互联网之后世界信息产业发展的第三次浪潮。

You might have heard of the "15-year Cycle Law", meaning that a leapfrog revolution in information technology occurs every 15 years or so, such as primary computers around 1950, mainframe computers around 1965, personal computers around 1980, the internet around 1995, and especially the Internet of Things around 2010. The Internet of Things is also known as the third wave of the development of the world's information industry after computers and internet.

 

 

物联网,顾名思义,就是在互联网、电信网的基础上实现在任何时间、任何地点的人、机、物的互相连接,即“万物相连的互联网”。

The Internet of Things, as the name suggests, is the interconnection of people, machines, and things at any time and at any place on the basis of the Internet and telecommunication networks, i.e. the "internet of all things connected".

物联网通过人工智能、智能传感系统、射频识别、云计算、全球定位系统、红外感应器、机器终端智能交互、纳米、激光扫描器、5G、3D等各种装置与技术,采集声、光、热、电、力学、化学、生物、位置等各种需要的信息,实现监测与控制的智能化。

The Internet of Things collects all kinds of required information of sound, light, heat, electricity, mechanics, chemistry, biology, location and others through various devices and technologies such as artificial intelligence, intelligent sensor systems, Radio Frequency Identification, cloud computing, global positioning systems, infrared sensors, Machine-to-Machine/Man, nano, laser scanners, 5G, 3D, etc. for intelligent monitoring and controlling.

好,我们闲言少叙,书归正传。

Okay, let's get down to our business.

物联网究竟会怎样改变我们的生活呢?一句话,我们的城市会成为智能城市,我们的生活也会成为智能生活。

How will the Internet of Things change our lives on earth? In one word, our cities will become smart cities, and our lives will also become intelligent lives.

例如 如果你酒后驾车,你的汽车钥匙能通过无线信号立即通知汽车 “暂停”,同时“命令”你的手机给你的亲朋好友发短信,告知你所在位置;

For example, if you drive after drinking, your car key can immediately notify the car to "stop" via wireless signals, and at the same time "order" your mobile phone to SMS your family and friends with your location;

再如,洗衣服的时候,衣服可以“告诉”洗衣机需要放多少水和洗衣粉;

For another example, when you are washing, the clothes can "tell" the washing machine how much water and detergent needed;

又如,你的文件夹会“检查”并告诉你忘记带了什么重要文件;

Another example is that your folder will "check" and tell you what important files you have forgotten;

又如,食品蔬菜的标签会向你的手机介绍它们是否真正“绿色安全”;

Also, the labels of food and vegetables will tell your phone whether they are truly "green and safe";

再如,通过智能传感器的手表,子女可以随时通过手机查询不在身边的父母的血压、心跳是否稳定;

And also, smart sensor watches allow sons and daughters to check their parents’ blood pressure and heartbeat on their mobile phones at any time when their parents are not around;

又如,如果你离开你的智能化的住宅时,传感器会自动关闭水电气和门窗,定时向你的手机发送消息,汇报家里的情况。

And also, when you leave your smart house, the sensors will automatically turn off utilities and doors and windows, and send messages to your mobile phone regularly reporting what is going on at your home.

当然,还有更多的无人驾驶、自动操作等。

And, of course, there are more such as unmanned driving, automatic operation, and so on.

 

                       

 

可以预见,物联网的应用将在工业、农业、环境、交通、物流、安保以及家庭、医疗、教育、金融业、服务业、旅游业、军事等领域实现全面的智能化发展。

It can be predicted that the application of the Internet of Things will lead to comprehensive intelligent development in the fields of industry, agriculture, environment, transportation, logistics, security, as well as family, health care, education, finance, service industry, tourism, military, etc.

 

 

Words to learn

高(ɡāo)科(kē)技(jì) high tech


物(wù)联(lián)网(wǎnɡ) the Internet of Things,IOT


落(luò)伍(wǔ) outdated, out


信(xìn)息(xī)技(jì)术(shù) information technology, IT


互(hù)联(lián)网(wǎnɡ) internet


顾(ɡù)名(mínɡ)思(sī)义(yì) as the name implies


电(diàn)信(xìn) telecommunications, telecom


人(rén)工(ɡōnɡ)智(zhì)能(nénɡ) Artificial Intelligence,AI


智(zhì)能(nénɡ)传(chuán)感(ɡǎn)系(xì)统(tǒnɡ)(微(wēi)机(jī)电(diàn)系(xì)统(tǒnɡ))intelligent sensor systems(Micro - Electro - Mechanical System)


射(shè)频(pín)识(shí)别(bié) Radio Frequency Identification,RFID


云(yún)计(jì)算(suàn)  cloud computing


全(quán)球(qiú)定(dìnɡ)位(wèi)系(xì)统(tǒnɡ) Global Positioning System, GPS


北(běi)斗(dòu)卫(wèi)星(xīnɡ)导(dǎo)航(hánɡ)系(xì)统(tǒnɡ) BeiDou Navigation Satellite System,BDS


红(hónɡ)外(wài)感(ɡǎn)应(yīnɡ)器(qì) infrared sensor


机(jī)器(qì)终(zhōnɡ)端(duān)智(zhì)能(nénɡ)交(jiāo)互(hù)Machine-to-Machine/Man


纳(nà)米(mǐ) namo


激(jī)光(ɡuānɡ)扫(sǎo)描(miáo)器(qì) laser scanner


5G 第(dì)五(wǔ)代(dài)移(yí)动(dònɡ)通(tōnɡ)信(xìn)技(jì)术(shù) 5th generation mobile networks/5th generation wireless system, 5G


3D 三(sān)维(wéi)空(kōnɡ)间(jiān) 3D Three-dimensional ,3D


闲(xián)言(yán)少(shǎo)叙(xù),书(shū)归(ɡuī)正(zhènɡ)传(zhuàn) get down to the business


工(ɡōnɡ)业(yè) industry


农(nónɡ)业(yè) agriculture


环(huán)境(jìnɡ) surroundings/environment


交(jiāo)通(tōnɡ) transportation/traffic


物(wù)流(liú) logistics


安(ān)保(bǎo) security


医(yī)疗(liáo) medical care/health care


教(jiào)育(yù) education


金(jīn)融(rónɡ)业(yè) financial industry


服(fú)务(wù)业(yè) service industry


旅(lǚ)游(yóu)业(yè) tourism


军(jūn)事(shì) military

 

未完待续 To be continued

 

 

杨老师有个温馨建议现在正值暑假,你在家里做什么?如果你有意参加HSK的话,杨老师有个建议,你可以访问杨老师的汉语教学网站 jyangkul.net 的“汉语水平考试 HSK”栏目中的“考试资料HSK Materials”,在那里杨老师已经放进去很多很多非常有用的HSK学习资料供你自学,从HSK一级到六级,包括“HSK标准教程”(课本、音频、练习册、PDF下载)等。祝大家假期愉快学习进步!                                  

JYang has a warm suggestionIt's summer vacation now. What do you do at home? If you want to take HSK, Jyang has a suggestion. You may vist "考试资料 HSK Materials" in the "汉语水平考试 HSK" section of Jyang’s website jyangkul.net, where JYang has put a lot of very useful HSK learning materials for your self-study, from Level 1 to Level 6, including "HSK Standard Courses" (textbook, audio, workbook, PDF for download), etc. Have a great vacation and progress in learning Chinese! 


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