学下围棋喽(9)Learn to Play Go(Weiqi)(9)

                                              -- 基本战术Basic Tactics

 

学下围棋喽 (9)
  -- 基本技巧
Learn to Play Weiqi (GO) (9)
        -- Go Basic Tactics
    

关键词学习 Key words to learn


围(wéi)棋(qí) weiqi/Go/baduk


下(xià)围(wéi)棋(qí) play Go


交(jiāo)叉(chā)点(diǎn) intersection


棋(qí)盘(pán) board


子(zǐ)/棋(qí)子(zǐ) stone


地(dì)盘(pán) territory


征(zhēnɡ)子(zǐ)/征(zhēnɡ)吃(chī)/扭(niǔ)羊(yánɡ)头(tóu) shicho/ladder


引(yǐn)征(zhēnɡ) ladder breaker


枷(jiā)吃(chī)geta/net/fence in

 

大家好。我们今天继续学习围棋的基本战术。我们学习围棋技巧越多,围棋越是妙不可言、其乐无穷!

Hello everyone. Today let’s continue to learn Go basic tactics. The more we have learned Go moves, the more fantastic and greater joy it will be!

 

 

4 围棋的基本战术 Go Basic Tactics

7)征子/征吃/扭羊头 shicho/ladder


连续叫吃对手,对手始终只有2口气。

Threaten to take (atari) opponent’s stones continuously, leaving opponent only 2 liberties all the time.

 

 




征吃的时候,对手从那边逃跑,就在那边挡。osae/block。

During the ladder, block the opponent on the way where opponent escapes.

 

下图中,黑棋应该在■处挡白棋。

On the figures below, black should block white at ■.


 

很长的征吃会覆盖棋盘的大部分。

A long ladder may span a large part of the board.
-

 

如果白棋试图逃跑,征吃也将继续进行,这对于白棋是个灾难。

If White tries to escape, the ladder will continue in this way. This is a disaster for White:

然而,如果在征吃的途径有接应在棋子,如下图中的
Suppose, however, that there is a responding stone in the path of the ladder, such as  in this diagram:

 

白8之后,B5突然被叫吃。 现在,黑棋无法继续征吃,因为白棋可以轻易地吃掉黑5。征吃失败。

After W8, B5 is suddenly in atari. Now, black cannot continue with the ladder, because white could simply capture the B5 stone. The ladder is broken.

30-11

 

练习1 : 黑棋可以征吃白棋吗?

Exercise:Can Black ladders White?

 

练习1答案:黑不可以征吃。

Answer to Exercise 1: Black cannot ladders White.

 

练习2:黑棋可以征吃白棋吗?

Exercise2: Can Black ladders White?

 

练习2答案:黑棋可以征吃白棋。

Answer to Excercise 2: Black can ladders White.


8)引征 ladder breaker


引征就是在征吃的途径上提前放接应的棋子。

Ladder breaker is to play a responding stone before hand in the path of ladder.
 

准确判断征吃的途径对于引征非常重要。
Deciding the path of ladder is very important to ladder breaker.

 

9)枷吃geta/net/fence in


枷吃就像脖子上的枷锁一样,形成包围的网。

Geta forms a enclosing net, like a shackle around the neck.
32-1

-3

 

枷吃不与对手棋子直接接触,但可以封锁对手棋子逃跑的所有途径。

Geta has no direct touch with opponent’s stones, but can block all the escaping path of opponent’s stones.

 

下图中,白棋在前面有接应的棋子,所以黑棋不能对白棋征吃,不过可以改为枷吃。黑3是枷吃。

On the figure below, White has a responding stone in the front, so Black cannot ladder White, but Black can change ladder to geta. Black 3 is geta.


-6

 

在此图中,白棋通过白 和白枷吃了3个黑子。

In this diagram, White geta three Black stones with the combination of white  and white .

 

On the figure below, black 1 is also geta, enclosing White ∆ tightly.

下图中黑子1也是枷吃,把白方封死:

 

练习 exercise:

 

练习答案 Answer to the exercise:

 

                               

 

本公众号已经发布的“学下围棋喽 -- 基本技巧”


“Learn to Play Go(Weiqi) --Basic Moves”already published in JYangSinology

(请点击查看 Please click and watch)


学下围棋喽(1)Learn to Play Go(Weiqi)(1)-- 过这村没这店Now or Never

学下围棋喽(2)Learn to Play Go(Weiqi)(2)-- 基本规则Basic Rules

学下围棋喽(3)Learn to Play Go(Weiqi)(3)-- 基本规则Basic Rules

学下围棋喽(4)Learn to Play Go(Weiqi)(4)-- 基本技巧Basic Moves

学下围棋喽(5)Learn to Play Go(Weiqi)(5)-- 基本技巧Basic Moves

学下围棋喽(6)Learn to Play Go(Weiqi)(6)-- 基本技巧Basic Moves

学下围棋喽(7)Learn to Play Go(Weiqi)(7)-- 基本技巧Basic Moves

学下围棋喽(8)Learn to Play Go(Weiqi)(8)-- 基本技巧Basic Moves

 

                   

 

我们的围棋学习计划如下,请密切关注不要错过哦!

Our Go learning program is as follows. Please keep following closely, not to miss it!


由于需要学习的内容很多,我们先公布基本规则、基本技巧和基本战术的目录,然后公布战略布局和收官的学习目录。

As there is a lot to learn, we will first show you the contents of basic rules, basic moves and basic tactics, and later the contents of strategic overall layout and closing.


目录 Content


1 关于围棋 About Go


2 围棋的基本规则 Go Basic Rules

1) 游戏概念 game concept

2)围棋盘 Goban/board

3)拿子 hold and play a stone

4)气 liberty(way out/outlet)5)吃 capture

6)叫吃/打 atari(cheok/peep/threaten to take)

7)提/提子 take (stone)

8)反提 take back

9)眼 me/eye

10)禁着点 forbidden intersection

11)目 moyo/(enclosed) point

 

3 围棋的基本技巧 Go Basic Moves

1)粘/接(连) tsugi/connect

2)长 nobi/solid extend/stretch

3)尖 kosumi/diagonal move

4)跳 tobi/jump/leap

5)(小)飞 kogeima/knight’s move

小结:长,尖,跳,飞

Brief summary: nobi, kosumi, tobi, kogeina

6)拆 hiraki/extend

7)断 kiri/cut/break

8) 扳/扳断 dane/wrench/pull off

9)扭/扭断 twist off

10)冲 tsuki-dashi/push through

11)挡osae/block

12)逼 tsume/checking extension(force/drive)

13)碰(靠) tsuke/an attachment(a contact play/next to)

14)压kake/oshi/pushing move

15)活棋、死棋和做活 Life, death and make alive

16)双活seki/impasse/mutual life

17)打劫 ko/threat(atari else where to take here)

18)虎口 tiger’s mouth

19)虎 make a tiger’s mouth

20)双虎 make double tiger’s mouths

21)小飞挂角 kogeima at a corner

22)尖顶 nobi and block

23)夹 clip(block on both sides)

24)托 hold(support)

25)渡 ferry(cross)

 

4 围棋的基本战术 Go Basic Tactics

1)死亡线 Death line

2)逃跑 escape

3)断点 cutting point

4)双叫吃(双打)ryo-atari/double atari

5)门吃/关门吃 enclose and capture

6)抱吃 hug and capture

7)征子/征吃/扭羊头 shicho/ladder

8)引征 ladder breaker

9)枷吃geta/net/fence in

10)倒扑 utte-gaeshi/a snapback(plunge back)

11)接不归 connection failed

12)扑与接不归连用 uchikaki and connection failed in conjunction

13)不入气/不入子与金鸡独立 deadly liberty/lethal stone and on one foot

14)二路吃 Line 2 capture

15)对杀semeai (capture race)

16)大小判断 size judgment

17)棋筋和废子 suji/gotendon and scrapped stone

18)手筋tesuji


5 围棋的战略布局 Go Strategic Overall Layout


6 收官计数 Closing and Scoring


                 

                                                     图片

杨老师有个温馨建议

课后你在家里做什么?如果你有意参加HSK的话,杨老师有个建议,你可以访问杨老师的汉语教学网站 jyangkul.net 的“汉语水平考试 HSK”栏目中的“考试资料HSK Materials”,在那里杨老师已经放进去很多很多非常有用的HSK学习资料供你自学,从HSK一级到六级,包括“HSK标准教程”(课本、音频、练习册、PDF下载)等。祝大家学习进步!                                  

JYang has a warm suggestion

What do you do after class at home? If you want to take HSK, Jyang has a suggestion. You may vist "考试资料 HSK Materials" in the "汉语水平考试 HSK" section of Jyang’s website jyangkul.net, where JYang has put a lot of very useful HSK learning materials for your self-study, from Level 1 to Level 6, including "HSK Standard Courses" (textbook, audio, workbook, PDF for download), etc. Have a great progress in learning Chinese! 

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