学下围棋喽(8)Learn to Play Go(Weiqi)(8)

                                                  -- 基本战术Basic Tactics

 

                     

 

学下围棋喽 (8)
  -- 基本技巧
Learn to Play Weiqi (GO) (8)
        -- Go Basic Tactics
    

关键词学习 Key words to learn


围(wéi)棋(qí) weiqi/Go/baduk


下(xià)围(wéi)棋(qí) play Go


交(jiāo)叉(chā)点(diǎn) intersection


棋(qí)盘(pán) board


子(zǐ)/棋(qí)子(zǐ) stone


地(dì)盘(pán) territory


死(sǐ)亡(wánɡ)线(xiàn) dead line


逃(táo)跑(pǎo) escape


断(duàn)点(diǎn) cutting point


双(shuānɡ)叫(jiào)吃(chī)(双(shuānɡ)打(dǎ))ryo-atari/double atari


门(mén)吃(chī)/关(ɡuān)门(mén)吃(chī) enclose and capture


抱(bào)吃(chī) hug and capture

 

大家好。我们已经学习了围棋的基本技巧,现在我们开始学习围棋的基本战术。我们学习围棋技巧越多,围棋越是妙不可言、其乐无穷!

Hello everyone. We have already learned Go basic moves. Now let’s start to learn Go basic tactics. The more we have learned Go moves, the more fantastic and greater joy it will be!

 

4 围棋的基本战术 Go Basic Tactics


1)死亡线 death line


这是重要的基本战术之一。

This is one of the important basic tactics.

棋盘的四条边即一线被称为死亡线。吃掉对手捷径就是将对手压到边上,因为一线只有3口气,很难活。

The four sides of the board, namely the first line are called death lines. The shortcut of capture is pushing opponent’s stones in the side area, because on the first line a stone has only three liberties, hard to survive.

 

死亡线 death line


二线是失败线,三线四线最好。

The second line is called failure line. The third and forth lines are the best. The third line is called strength line, and the forth line influence line.

 

 一线二线(红色)和三线四线(绿色) 

The first and second lines (red) and the third and forth lines (green)

 

二线是失败线 The second line is failure line.

 

 

三线和四线最好 The third and forth lines are the best.

 

 

四线 the forth line

 

三线 The third line

 

2)逃跑 escape

逃跑也是重要的基本战术之一。隔一路逃走有助于快速逃出包围。

Escape is also one of the important basic tactics. Escape with one intersection apart helps to get out of the enclosure quickly.

 

 

逃跑的方向 escape direction

G6和G7两个黑子被包围。在E6放子可以连接G6和G7,向上和向左逃走,并且扩大地盘。

Two black stones G6和G7 are enclosed. The stone played at E6 can connect G6和G7 and escape upwards and to the left, and can also enlarge territory.

 

朝对手弱点逃:Escape towards the opponent’s blind point:

 

黑棋如何逃跑?How can black escape?

 

黑棋这样叫吃白棋不能逃跑

Black cannot escape by threatening to take(atari) white stones in this way.

 

黑棋这样叫吃白棋不能逃跑

Black cannot escape by threatening to take(atari) white stones in this way.

 

思考题2: 黑棋如何逃跑? How can black escape?

 

3)断点 cutting point

断是切断对手棋子的连接。可能同时有不止一个断点,这时需要选择断点。

kiri is to cut off the opponent’s stone connection. There may be more than one cutting points, and then it is necessary to select.

下图中,白棋有两个断点选择:G2和F3。应该选择G2,这样可以提掉一个黑子。

On the figure below, white has two cutting points to choose: G2 and F3. G2 should be chosen, and in this way a black stone will be taken.

 

4)双叫吃(双打)ryo-atari/double atari

双叫吃也叫做双劫 ryo-ko (double ko),即同时叫吃对手的两个地方。

Double atari is also called double ko, that is to say, opponent’s stones will be taken simultaneously at two places.

 

下图中,黑1对白棋双叫吃。On the figure below, black 1 double atari white stones.

 

下图中,黑B对白棋双叫吃。On the figure below, black B double atari white stones.

 

下图中,黑1,黑3,黑5,黑7对白棋双叫吃。

On the figure below black 1, black 3, black 5, black 7 double atari white stones.

 

练习:黑在什么地方双叫吃?

Exercise: Where should black double atari white stones?

(答案 answers:1 Q16,2Q4, 3E15, 4D4)

 

5)门吃/关门吃 enclose and capture

下图中,白1将两个黑子关在门里面逃不出去。

On the figure below, white 1 encloses two black stones in the door.

 

下图中,白1,白3,白5, 白7 分别将两个黑子关在门里面逃不出去。

On the figure below, white 1, white 3, white 5, white 7 enclose two black stones respectively in the doors.

 

下图中,黑o将两个白▲关在门里。On the figure below, black o encloses two white ▲ in the door.

 

练习:哪个棋黑可以关门吃白?

Exercise: In which ones black can enclose and capture white stones?

 

答案 answer:2,3,4Answer: 2, 3 and 4

 

6)抱吃 hug and capture

像拥抱一样紧紧将对手棋子包围住。Enclose opponent’s stones tightly by hugging.

 

 

 

练习:哪个棋黑可以抱吃白?

Exercise: In which ones black can hug and capture white stones?

 

答案answer:1,3

 

下图不是“抱吃”。The following figure is not “hug and capture”.

 

                                             

 

本公众号已经发布的“学下围棋喽 -- 基本技巧”


“Learn to Play Go(Weiqi) --Basic Moves”already published in JYangSinology

(请点击查看 Please click and watch)


学下围棋喽(1)Learn to Play Go(Weiqi)(1)-- 过这村没这店Now or Never

学下围棋喽(2)Learn to Play Go(Weiqi)(2)-- 基本规则Basic Rules

学下围棋喽(3)Learn to Play Go(Weiqi)(3)-- 基本规则Basic Rules

学下围棋喽(4)Learn to Play Go(Weiqi)(4)-- 基本技巧Basic Moves

学下围棋喽(5)Learn to Play Go(Weiqi)(5)-- 基本技巧Basic Moves

学下围棋喽(6)Learn to Play Go(Weiqi)(6)-- 基本技巧Basic Moves

学下围棋喽(7)Learn to Play Go(Weiqi)(7)-- 基本技巧Basic Moves

 

                        

 

我们的围棋学习计划如下,请密切关注不要错过哦!

Our Go learning program is as follows. Please keep following closely, not to miss it!


由于需要学习的内容很多,我们先公布基本规则、基本技巧和基本战术的目录,然后公布战略布局和收官的学习目录。

As there is a lot to learn, we will first show you the contents of basic rules, basic moves and basic tactics, and later the contents of strategic overall layout and closing.


目录 Content


1 关于围棋 About Go


2 围棋的基本规则 Go Basic Rules

1) 游戏概念 game concept

2)围棋盘 Goban/board

3)拿子 hold and play a stone

4)气 liberty(way out/outlet)5)吃 capture

6)叫吃/打 atari(cheok/peep/threaten to take)

7)提/提子 take (stone)

8)反提 take back

9)眼 me/eye

10)禁着点 forbidden intersection

11)目 moyo/(enclosed) point

 

3 围棋的基本技巧 Go Basic Moves

1)粘/接(连) tsugi/connect

2)长 nobi/solid extend/stretch

3)尖 kosumi/diagonal move

4)跳 tobi/jump/leap

5)(小)飞 kogeima/knight’s move

小结:长,尖,跳,飞

Brief summary: nobi, kosumi, tobi, kogeina

6)拆 hiraki/extend

7)断 kiri/cut/break

8)  扳/扳断 dane/wrench/pull off

9)扭/扭断 twist off

10)冲 tsuki-dashi/push through

11)挡osae/block

12)逼 tsume/checking extension(force/drive)

13)碰(靠) tsuke/an attachment(a contact play/next to)

14)压kake/oshi/pushing move

15)活棋、死棋和做活 Life, death and make alive

16)双活seki/impasse/mutual life

17)打劫 ko/threat(atari else where to take here)

18)虎口 tiger’s mouth

19)虎 make a tiger’s mouth

20)双虎 make double tiger’s mouths

21)小飞挂角 kogeima at a corner

22)尖顶 nobi and block

23)夹 clip(block on both sides)

24)托 hold(support)

25)渡 ferry(cross)

 

4 围棋的基本战术 Go Basic Tactics

1)死亡线 Death line

2)逃跑 escape

3)断点 cutting point

4)双叫吃(双打)ryo-atari/double atari

5)门吃/关门吃 enclose and capture

6)抱吃 hug and capture

7)征子/征吃/扭羊头 shicho/ladder

8)引征 ladder breaker

9)枷吃geta/net/fence in

10)倒扑 utte-gaeshi/a snapback(plunge back)

11)接不归 connection failed

12)扑与接不归连用 uchikaki and connection failed in conjunction

13)不入气/不入子与金鸡独立 deadly liberty/lethal stone and on one foot

14)二路吃 Line 2 capture

15)对杀semeai (capture race)

16)大小判断 size judgment

17)棋筋和废子 suji/gotendon and scrapped stone

18)手筋tesuji


5 围棋的战略布局 Go Strategic Overall Layout


6 收官计数 Closing and Scoring

 

杨老师有个温馨建议


课后你在家里做什么?如果你有意参加HSK的话,杨老师有个建议,你可以访问杨老师的汉语教学网站 jyangkul.net 的“汉语水平考试 HSK”栏目中的“考试资料HSK Materials”,在那里杨老师已经放进去很多很多非常有用的HSK学习资料供你自学,从HSK一级到六级,包括“HSK标准教程”(课本、音频、练习册、PDF下载)等。祝大家学习进步!         

 JYang has a warm suggestion

What do you do after class at home? If you want to take HSK, Jyang has a suggestion. You may vist "考试资料 HSK Materials" in the "汉语水平考试 HSK" section of Jyang’s website jyangkul.net, where JYang has put a lot of very useful HSK learning materials for your self-study, from Level 1 to Level 6, including "HSK Standard Courses" (textbook, audio, workbook, PDF for download), etc. Have a great progress in learning Chinese! 

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