学下围棋喽(7)Learn to Play Go(Weiqi)(7)

                                           -- 基本技巧Basic Moves

 

关键词学习 Key words to learn


围(wéi)棋(qí) weiqi/Go/baduk


下(xià)围(wéi)棋(qí) play Go


交(jiāo)叉(chā)点(diǎn) intersection


棋(qí)盘(pán) board


子(zǐ)/棋(qí)子(zǐ) stone


地(dì)盘(pán) territory


吃(chī) capture


提(tí)(子(zǐ)) take captured stones off the board


小(xiǎo)飞(fēi)挂(ɡuà)角(jiǎo) kogeima at a corner


尖(jiān)顶(dǐnɡ) nobi and block


夹(jiá) clip(block on both sides)


托(tuō) hold(support)


渡(dù) ferry(cross)

 

大家好。今天我们继续学习围棋的基本技巧,下次我们开始学习围棋的基本战术。我们学习围棋技巧越多,围棋越是妙不可言、其乐无穷!

Hello everyone. Today let’s continue to learn Go basic moves. Next time we will start to learn Go basic tactics. The more we have learned Go moves, the more fantastic and greater joy it will be!

3 围棋的基本技巧 Go Basic Moves

21)小飞挂角 kogeima at a corner


星定式是围棋开局四种定式之首,而在星定式中小飞挂最常见。如图,黑子放在星位上,白子小飞挂角。

Star-set style is the first of the four starting set styles of Go, and the most common one in star set styles is kogeina at the corner. As shown in the figure, the black stone is played on the star position, and the white stone is kogeina.

 

 

在A位也是一样。It is the same if white stone is played in A position.

 

应对小飞挂角的方式有多种,例如:There are different ways to deal with kogeina case, such as

 

或者 or:

 

22)尖顶 nobi and block黑子占据星位后,通过“尖”来挡白子。

After playing one black stone on star position, block white stones by “diagonal move(kosumi)”.

 

 

23)夹hasami(clip/(pincer,/clamp/block on both sides)将对手的棋子夹在自己的两颗棋子之间。

Block opponent’s stone between two stones.

 

 

隔1路的夹叫一间夹,隔2路的夹住叫做二间夹。

One intersection apart hasami is called one-space hasami, and two  intersections apart hasami is called two-space hasami. 

两颗黑子对白子构成一间夹。如果黑∆放在A处,则构成二间夹。

The two black stone block the white stone on both sides with one-space hasami. If black∆ is played at A, it is two-space hasami.

 

下图中,白o对黑∆进行了反夹:

On the figure below, white o blocks black∆ on both sides in turn.

 

24)托 hold(support)紧靠对手三、四线上棋子靠边的下面下子。

Place stones just at the intersections next to opponent’s stones on the third or forth lines close to the sides.

下图中白棋需要用托来做活。

In the following diagram, White needs to make alive by holding.

 

白1是托。White 1 is hold.

 

白2是更常见的托。 White 2 is more common hold.

 

25)渡 ferry(cross)在1、2线上连接两边的棋比较特殊。先看下面的图,显然左右两边的黑棋需要连接起来才能活。

It is special situation to connect stones on the first and second lines. First view the figure below. Obviously the black stones on the left and on the right need to be connected in order to be alive.

 

 

黑1的渡像是一条渡船,成功地连接了两边的黑棋。

Black 1, ferry, just like a ferryboat, connect the stones on the left and on the right successfully.

 

下图中的黑∆也都是渡,只是它们也有各自的名字:1和2尖渡,3飞渡,4跳渡,因为它们分别和尖、飞、跳结合。

Black∆ on the figure below are all ferries, and they have their own names, combined with diagonal move, knight’s move and leap respectively: 1 and 2: diagonal move+ferry; 3: knight’s move+ferry; 4: leap+ferry.

 

本公众号已经发布的“学下围棋喽 -- 基本技巧”


“Learn to Play Go(Weiqi) --Basic Moves”already published in JYangSinology

(请点击查看 Please click and watch)


学下围棋喽(1)Learn to Play Go(Weiqi)(1)-- 过这村没这店Now or Never

学下围棋喽(2)Learn to Play Go(Weiqi)(2)-- 基本规则Basic Rules

学下围棋喽(3)Learn to Play Go(Weiqi)(3)-- 基本规则Basic Rules

学下围棋喽(4)Learn to Play Go(Weiqi)(4)-- 基本技巧Basic Moves

学下围棋喽(5)Learn to Play Go(Weiqi)(5)-- 基本技巧Basic Moves

学下围棋喽(6)Learn to Play Go(Weiqi)(6)-- 基本技巧Basic Moves

 

                                                      


我们的围棋学习计划如下,请密切关注不要错过哦!

Our Go learning program is as follows. Please keep following closely, not to miss it!


由于需要学习的内容很多,我们先公布基本规则、基本技巧和基本战术的目录,然后公布战略布局和收官的学习目录。

As there is a lot to learn, we will first show you the contents of basic rules, basic moves and basic tactics, and later the contents of strategic overall layout and closing.


目录 Content


1 关于围棋 About Go


2 围棋的基本规则 Go Basic Rules

1) 游戏概念 game concept

2)围棋盘 Goban/board

3)拿子 hold and play a stone

4)气 liberty(way out/outlet)5)吃 capture

6)叫吃/打 atari(cheok/peep/threaten to take)

7)提/提子 take (stone)

8)反提 take back

9)眼 me/eye

10)禁着点 forbidden intersection

11)目 moyo/(enclosed) point

 

3 围棋的基本技巧 Go Basic Moves

1)粘/接(连) tsugi/connect

2)长 nobi/solid extend/stretch

3)尖 kosumi/diagonal move

4)跳 tobi/jump/leap

5)(小)飞 kogeima/knight’s move

小结:长,尖,跳,飞

Brief summary: nobi, kosumi, tobi, kogeina

6)拆 hiraki/extend

7)断 kiri/cut/break

8) 扳/扳断 dane/wrench/pull off

9)扭/扭断 twist off

10)冲 tsuki-dashi/push through

11)挡osae/block

12)逼 tsume/checking extension(force/drive)

13)碰(靠) tsuke/an attachment(a contact play/next to)

14)压kake/oshi/pushing move

15)活棋、死棋和做活 Life, death and make alive

16)双活seki/impasse/mutual life

17)打劫 ko/threat(atari else where to take here)

18)虎口 tiger’s mouth

19)虎 make a tiger’s mouth

20)双虎 make double tiger’s mouths

21)小飞挂角 kogeima at a corner

22)尖顶 nobi and block

23)夹 clip(block on both sides)

24)托 hold(support)

25)渡 ferry(cross)

 

4 围棋的基本战术 Go Basic Tactics

1)死亡线 Death line

2)逃跑 escape

3)断点 cutting point

4)双叫吃(双打)ryo-atari/double atari

5)门吃/关门吃 enclose and capture

6)抱吃 hug and capture

7)征子/征吃/扭羊头 shicho/ladder

8)引征 ladder breaker

9)枷吃geta/net/fence in

10)倒扑 utte-gaeshi/a snapback(plunge back)

11)接不归 connection failed

12)扑与接不归连用 uchikaki and connection failed in conjunction

13)不入气/不入子与金鸡独立 deadly liberty/lethal stone and on one foot

14)二路吃 Line 2 capture

15)对杀semeai (capture race)

16)大小判断 size judgment

17)棋筋和废子 suji/gotendon and scrapped stone

18)手筋tesuji


5 围棋的战略布局 Go Strategic Overall Layout


6 收官计数 Closing and Scoring

 

杨老师有个温馨建议


课后你在家里做什么?如果你有意参加HSK的话,杨老师有个建议,你可以访问杨老师的汉语教学网站 jyangkul.net 的“汉语水平考试 HSK”栏目中的“考试资料HSK Materials”,在那里杨老师已经放进去很多很多非常有用的HSK学习资料供你自学,从HSK一级到六级,包括“HSK标准教程”(课本、音频、练习册、PDF下载)等。祝大家学习进步!                          

JYang has a warm suggestion

What do you do after class at home? If you want to take HSK, Jyang has a suggestion. You may vist "考试资料 HSK Materials" in the "汉语水平考试 HSK" section of Jyang’s website jyangkul.net, where JYang has put a lot of very useful HSK learning materials for your self-study, from Level 1 to Level 6, including "HSK Standard Courses" (textbook, audio, workbook, PDF for download), etc. Have a great progress in learning Chinese! 

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