学下围棋喽(5)Learn to Play Go(Weiqi)(5)

                                                -- 基本技巧Basic Moves

 

           

 

学下围棋喽 (5)
  -- 基本技巧
Learn to Play Weiqi (GO) (5)
        -- Go Basic Moves
    

关键词学习 Key words to learn

围(wéi)棋(qí) weiqi/Go/baduk


下(xià)围(wéi)棋(qí) play Go


交(jiāo)叉(chā)点(diǎn) intersection


棋(qí)盘(pán) board


子(zǐ)/棋(qí)子(zǐ) stone


地(dì)盘(pán) territory


吃(chī) capture


提(tí)(子(zǐ)) take captured stones off the board


断(duàn) kiri/cut/break


扳(bān)/扳(bān)断(duàn) dane/wrench/pull off


扭(niǔ)/扭(niǔ)断(duàn) twist offoff


冲(chōnɡ) tsuki-dashi/push through


挡(dǎnɡ)osae/block


逼(bī) tsume/checking extension(force/drive)


碰(pènɡ)(靠(kào)) tsuke/an attachment(a contact play/next to)


压(yā)kake/oshi/pushing move

 

大家好。今天我们继续学习围棋的基本技巧。我们学习围棋技巧越多,围棋越是妙不可言、其乐无穷!

Hello everyone. Today let’s continue to learn Go basic moves. The more we have learned Go moves, the more fantastic and greater joy it will be!

 

                   

 

3 围棋的基本技巧 Go Basic Moves


7)断 kiri/cut/break/cut off the connection

如果棋子没有连接在一起,就会被对手切断。

Stones will be disconnected by opponent when they are not connected.

 

黑1切断了白棋的连接。

Black 1 cuts off the connection of white stones.

 

 

练习:白棋如何断

Exercise: How white cuts off

 

 

练习答案 Answer to the exercise:

 

 

可以看出,连和断发生在同一个交叉点上,黑下即是连,白下即是断。

It can be seen that connection and cutting off will occur at the same intersection; when black plays a stone there, it is connection, and when white plays a stone there, it is cutting off.

 

8)扳/扳断 dane/wrench/pull off

双方棋子并排在一起时,在对手头上放一子

When the black and white stones are lined side by side, play a stone on the opponent's end.

 

 

白1是扳 Whit 1 is dane.

 

这也是扳)It is also dane.

 


这个扳不好,因为会被白吃掉 It is not good dane, for it will be captured by white.

 


黑可以这样扳可以 Black may dane in this way.

 

 

9)扭/扭断 twist off

黑1黑3都是扭

Black 1 and black 3 twist off the white stones

 

 

10) tsuki-dashi/push through

从对手棋子的空隙处突围。

Break through the gap between the opponent's stones.

 

 

 

11)挡osae/block

黑子挡住白的出路

Black stones block the white stones’way out

 

 

12)逼 tsume/checking extension(force/drive)

尽量接近对手的棋子,准备入侵

Try to get as close as possible to the opponent’s stones, preparing for invasion.

 

 

13)碰(靠) tsuke/an attachment(a contact play/next to)

紧靠对手棋子下一子

Play a stone just next to opponent’s stone.

 

 

 

 

14)kake/oshi/pushing move

将对手棋子控制在低位。

Control the opponent's stones in a low area.

 

 


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我们的围棋学习计划如下,请密切关注不要错过哦!

Our Go learning program is as follows. Please keep following closely, not to miss it!


由于需要学习的内容很多,我们先公布基本规则、基本技巧和基本战术的目录,然后公布战略布局和收官的学习目录。

As there is a lot to learn, we will first show you the contents of basic rules, basic moves and basic tactics, and later the contents of strategic overall layout and closing.


                                                        目录 Content


1 关于围棋 About Go


2 围棋的基本规则 Go Basic Rules

1) 游戏概念 game concept

2)围棋盘 Goban/board

3)拿子 hold and play a stone

4)气 liberty(way out/outlet)5)吃 capture

6)叫吃/打 atari(cheok/peep/threaten to take)

7)提/提子 take (stone)

8)反提 take back

9)眼 me/eye

10)禁着点 forbidden intersection

11)目 moyo/(enclosed) point

 

3 围棋的基本技巧 Go Basic Moves

1)粘/接(连) tsugi/connect

2)长 nobi/solid extend/stretch

3)尖 kosumi/diagonal move

4)跳 tobi/jump/leap

5)(小)飞 kogeima/knight’s move

小结:长,尖,跳,飞

Brief summary: nobi, kosumi, tobi, kogeina

6)拆 hiraki/extend

7)断 kiri/cut/break

8)扳/扳断 dane/wrench/pull off

9)扭/扭断 twist off

10)冲 tsuki-dashi/push through

11)挡osae/block

12)逼 tsume/checking extension(force/drive)

13)碰(靠) tsuke/an attachment(a contact play/next to)

14)压kake/oshi/pushing move

15)活棋、死棋和做活 Life, death and make alive

16)双活seki/impasse/mutual life

17)打劫 ko/threat(atari else where to take here)

18)虎口 tiger’s mouth

19)虎 make a tiger’s mouth

20)双虎 make double tiger’s mouths

21)小飞挂角 kogeima at a corner

22)尖顶 nobi and block

23)夹 clip(block on both sides)

24)托 hold(support)

25)渡 ferry(cross)

 

4 围棋的基本战术 Go Basic Tactics

1)死亡线 Death line

2)逃跑 escape

3)断点 cutting point

4)双叫吃(双打)ryo-atari/double atari

5)门吃/关门吃 enclose and capture

6)抱吃 hug and capture

7)征子/征吃/扭羊头 shicho/ladder

8)引征 ladder breaker

9)枷吃geta/net/fence in

10)倒扑 utte-gaeshi/a snapback(plunge back)

11)接不归 connection failed

12)扑与接不归连用 uchikaki and connection failed in conjunction

13)不入气/不入子与金鸡独立 deadly liberty/lethal stone and on one foot

14)二路吃 Line 2 capture

15)对杀semeai (capture race)

16)大小判断 size judgment

17)棋筋和废子 suji/gotendon and scrapped stone

18)手筋tesuji


5 围棋的战略布局 Go Strategic Overall Layout


6 收官计数 Closing and Scoring


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杨老师有个温馨建议

课后你在家里做什么?如果你有意参加HSK的话,杨老师有个建议,你可以访问杨老师的汉语教学网站 jyangkul.net 的“汉语水平考试 HSK”栏目中的“考试资料HSK Materials”,在那里杨老师已经放进去很多很多非常有用的HSK学习资料供你自学,从HSK一级到六级,包括“HSK标准教程”(课本、音频、练习册、PDF下载)等。祝大家学习进步!                                

 JYang has a warm suggestion

What do you do after class at home? If you want to take HSK, Jyang has a suggestion. You may vist "考试资料 HSK Materials" in the "汉语水平考试 HSK" section of Jyang’s website jyangkul.net, where JYang has put a lot of very useful HSK learning materials for your self-study, from Level 1 to Level 6, including "HSK Standard Courses" (textbook, audio, workbook, PDF for download), etc. Have a great progress in learning Chinese! 

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