学下围棋喽(4)Learn to Play Go(Weiqi)(4)

                                  -- 基本技巧 Basic Moves

 

         

 

学下围棋喽 (4)  -- 基本规则Learn to Play Weiqi (GO) (4)        -- Go Basic Rules

关键词学习 Key words to learn

围(wéi)棋(qí) weiqi/Go/baduk


下(xià)围(wéi)棋(qí) play Go


交(jiāo)叉(chā)点(diǎn) intersection


棋(qí)盘(pán) board


子(zǐ)/棋(qí)子(zǐ) stone


地(dì)盘(pán) territory


吃(chī) capture


提(tí)(子(zǐ)) take captured stones off the board


黑(hēi)先(xiān)/黑(hēi)棋(qí)先(xiān)走(zǒu) black starts/black’s turn


白(bái)先(xiān) white’s turn


围(wéi) enclose/surround


气(qì) liberty(way out/outlet)眼(yǎn) me/eye


叫(jiào)吃(chī)/打(dǎ) atari(cheok/peep/threaten to take)


眼(yǎn) me/eye/trap


目(mù) moyo(points)


粘(nián)/接(jiē)(连(lián)) tsugi/connect


长(zhǎnɡ) nobi/solid extend/stretch


尖(jiān) kosumi/diagonal move


跳(tiào) tobi/jump/leap


飞(fēi) kogeima/knight’s move


拆(chāi) hiraki/extend


大家好。我们一起学习了围棋的基本规则,今天我们开始学习围棋的基本技巧。这时我们就会发现,围棋真是妙不可言、其乐无穷啊!

Hello everyone. We have learned Go basic rules. Today let’s start to learn Go basic moves. At this time we find that Go is indescribably Fantastic and great joy! 

3 围棋的基本技巧   Go Basic Moves

1)粘/接() tsugi/connect

使棋子在线上连接。Connect stones on the lines. 

A和黑1把两个黑子连起来成为一个整体。A and black 1connect two black stones.

 

 

练习:怎样连

Exercise: How to connect stones

 

 

练习答案 Answer to the exercise:

 

2) nobi/solid extend/stretch

   继续延伸 continue to stretchBlack 1 is nobi:

 

 

 

 

如果向下或向边线方向的长也叫立

Nobi downwards or towards board side is also called standing: 

3)  kosumi/diagonal move

在棋子的斜线上下一子。Play a stone on the diagonal intersection.

 

 

 

 

4) tobi/leap (one-space jump)

1子放在同一直线上隔一路的交叉点,通常朝着中心的方向。

A stone is placed at the intersection on the same line separated by one intersection, usually toward the center.

 

 

 

四颗白▲都是跳The four white▲ stones are all tobi(leap).

 

 

跳也用于逃跑:Tobi is also a way to escape:

 

5)(小) kogeima/knight’s move

下面是(小)飞 The following is kogeina:

 

 

下面是大飞:The following is two-space kogeina:

 

下面是象飞:The following is hazama tobi:

 

飞既可攻也可守。Tobi is the way of offense or defense.

 

 

 

小结:长,尖,跳,飞Brief summary: nobi, kosumi, tobi, kogeina

下图中,A:长;B:尖;C:跳(一间跳;F:二间跳、);D:飞(E:象飞;G:大飞;H:超大飞)

On the following figure, A: nobi; B:kosumi; C: tobi (one space tobi; F: two space tobi); D:  kogeina (E: hazama tobi;G: two-space kogeina; H: extra kogeina)

 

 

6)拆 hiraki/extend

在距离边第3线上的棋子隔一个或更多路的交叉点上放子。拆可以有效扩大地盘。

Place a stone separated by one or more intersections on the third line from the side. Hiraki(extension) is the effective way to enlarge territory.

 

 

隔两个交叉点的拆称为拆2,隔3个交叉点的称为拆3,隔4个的称为拆4。

The stone separated by two intersections is called 2 space extension, by three intersections 3 space extension, by four 4 space extension. 

下图中,两个白■子和两个黑o子都是拆2,白A和白B是拆3,两个白▲是拆4。黑D则是为了阻止白C向上的拆2。

On the figure below, the two white■ stones and two black o stones are all 2 space extensions, white A and white B is 3 space extension, the two white is 4 space extension, but black D is to block white C 2 space extension upwards.

 

 

下图中,两个黑o子是拆2,两个黑∆子是拆3,白▲与下面的白子也是拆3。(两个黑子不是拆而是跳)

On the figure below, the two blacko stones is 2 space extension, the two black∆ stones is 3 space extension, and white▲ is also 3 space extension from the white stones below. (The two black stones is not extension but leap.)

 

 

(video) 围棋的气 Go liberty

(video) 怎样吃 The way to capture

 

怎样吃 The way to capture


                                      


我们的围棋学习计划如下,请密切关注不要错过哦!

Our Go learning program is as follows. Please keep following closely, not to miss it!


由于需要学习的内容很多,我们先公布基本规则、基本技巧和基本战术的目录,然后公布战略布局和收官的学习目录。

As there is a lot to learn, we will first show you the contents of basic rules, basic moves and basic tactics, and later the contents of strategic overall layout and closing.


目录 Content


1 关于围棋 About Go


2 围棋的基本规则 Go Basic Rules

1) 游戏概念 game concept

2)围棋盘 Goban/board

3)拿子 hold and play a stone

4)气 liberty(way out/outlet)5)吃 capture

6)叫吃/打 atari(cheok/peep/threaten to take)

7)提/提子 take (stone)

8)反提 take back

9)眼 me/eye

10)禁着点 forbidden intersection

11)目 moyo/(enclosed) point

 

3 围棋的基本技巧 Go Basic Moves

1)粘/接(连) tsugi/connect

2)长 nobi/solid extend/stretch

3)尖 kosumi/diagonal move

4)跳 tobi/jump/leap

5)(小)飞 kogeima/knight’s move

小结:长,尖,跳,飞

Brief summary: nobi, kosumi, tobi, kogeina

6)拆 hiraki/extend

7)断 kiri/cut/break

8) 扳/扳断 dane/wrench/pull off

9)扭/扭断 twist off

10)冲 tsuki-dashi/push through

11)挡osae/block

12)逼 tsume/checking extension(force/drive)

13)碰(靠) tsuke/an attachment(a contact play/next to)

14)压kake/oshi/pushing move

15)活棋、死棋和做活 Life, death and make alive

16)双活seki/impasse/mutual life

17)打劫 ko/threat(atari else where to take here)

18)虎口 tiger’s mouth

19)虎 make a tiger’s mouth

20)双虎 make double tiger’s mouths

21)小飞挂角 kogeima at a corner

22)尖顶 nobi and block

23)夹 clip(block on both sides)

24)托 hold(support)

25)渡 ferry(cross)

 

4 围棋的基本战术 Go Basic Tactics

1)死亡线 Death line

2)逃跑 escape

3)断点 cutting point

4)双叫吃(双打)ryo-atari/double atari

5)门吃/关门吃 enclose and capture

6)抱吃 hug and capture

7)征子/征吃/扭羊头 shicho/ladder

8)引征 ladder breaker

9)枷吃geta/net/fence in

10)倒扑 utte-gaeshi/a snapback(plunge back)

11)接不归 connection failed

12)扑与接不归连用 uchikaki and connection failed in conjunction

13)不入气/不入子与金鸡独立 deadly liberty/lethal stone and on one foot

14)二路吃 Line 2 capture

15)对杀semeai (capture race)

16)大小判断 size judgment

17)棋筋和废子 suji/gotendon and scrapped stone

18)手筋tesuji


5 围棋的战略布局 Go Strategic Overall Layout


6 收官计数 Closing and Scoring


                                                

 

杨老师有个温馨建议


课后你在家里做什么?如果你有意参加HSK的话,杨老师有个建议,你可以访问杨老师的汉语教学网站 jyangkul.net 的“汉语水平考试 HSK”栏目中的“考试资料HSK Materials”,在那里杨老师已经放进去很多很多非常有用的HSK学习资料供你自学,从HSK一级到六级,包括“HSK标准教程”(课本、音频、练习册、PDF下载)等。祝大家学习进步!                                 

 JYang has a warm suggestion

What do you do after class at home? If you want to take HSK, Jyang has a suggestion. You may vist "考试资料 HSK Materials" in the "汉语水平考试 HSK" section of Jyang’s website jyangkul.net, where JYang has put a lot of very useful HSK learning materials for your self-study, from Level 1 to Level 6, including "HSK Standard Courses" (textbook, audio, workbook, PDF for download), etc. Have a great progress in learning Chinese!

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