学下围棋喽(3) Learn to Play Go(Weiqi)(3)

                                      -- 基本规则 Basic Rules

         

 

关键词学习 Key words to learn


围(wéi)棋(qí) weiqi/Go/baduk


下(xià)围(wéi)棋(qí) play Go


交(jiāo)叉(chā)点(diǎn) intersection


棋(qí)盘(pán) board


子(zǐ)/棋(qí)子(zǐ) stone


地(dì)盘(pán) territory


吃(chī) capture


提(tí)(子(zǐ)) take captured stones off the board


黑(hēi)先(xiān)/黑(hēi)棋(qí)先(xiān)走(zǒu) black starts/black’s turn


白(bái)先(xiān) white’s turn


围(wéi) enclose/surround


气(qì) liberty(way out/outlet)眼(yǎn) me/eye


叫(jiào)吃(chī)/打(dǎ) atari(cheok/peep/threaten to take)


眼(yǎn) me/eye


目(mù) moyo(points)

 

大家好。上次我们一起学习了围棋的几个基本规则,今天我们继续学习围棋的基本规则。我们要进行更为短兵相接的厮杀啦。Hello everyone. Last time we learned some Go basic rules. Today let’s continue to learn Go basic rules, and we will fight at even closer quarters. 在战场上,这可是互为死敌、你死我活啦。可是在围棋盘上,对杀的结果却是成为棋友,对杀得越狠,越可能成为终身的挚友。希望大家爱上围棋。

If we were on the battlefield, we would be each other's mortal enemies. On the Go board, however, mutual killing leads to chess friends. The harder the fight is, the more likely it is to be lifelong best friends. It is hoped that everyone will come to love Go.

 

(video) 围棋基本规则Go basic rules

 

2 围棋的基本规则 Go Basic Rules

7)/提子 take (stone)

将对手被围死的棋子从棋盘上拿走。Take the opponent’s dead stones off the board.


黑叫吃并准备提子:Black atari to capture and is ready to take white∆ stones off.

 

 

黑1吃3个白∆子 Black1 captures 3 white∆ stones:

 

3个白∆被提 3 white∆ stones have been taken off.

 

8)反提 take back提掉对手棋子,对手也可以在同一位置重复Take away the opponent's stone, and the opponent can repeat at the same place. 白棋可以在A点吃3个黑子:White can capture 3 black stones at A intersection:

 

 

黑棋也可以同样在A点吃那个白子:Black can do the same and capture that white stone at A intersection:

 

 

9)眼 me/eye眼是一方的棋子围成的一个或两个空白交叉点。Eye(me) is an empty intersection enclosed by on player’s stones.

 

 

有真眼和假眼。真眼也叫实眼,是几个互相连接在一起的棋子围住的一个或两个空交叉点。而几个没有完全连接的棋子围成的眼则是假眼,也叫虚眼,还有可能被对手吃掉。There are true eyes and false eyes(kake-me). A true eye, also called solid eye, is one or two empty intersections enclosed by several stones connected to each other, while the eyes enclosed by several stones that are not completely connected are false eyes, also called virtual eyes, easy to be captured by the opponent. 下面的眼都是真眼。A是角上的眼,B是边上的眼,C和D是在中腹的眼。The follow eye are all true eyes. A is eye at the corner, B on the side, and C and D in midsection.

 

 

下图中,左面的是眼,但不确定是否真眼;中间的是真眼,右面的是假眼。On the following figure, on the left is an eye, not sure whether true or false; in the middle is a true eye, and on the right a false one.

 

 

是否真眼,即包围对手的棋子是否完全连接在一起,关键在于眼角。下图中的黑∆就是眼角。Whether it is true eye, that is, whether the stones enclosing the opponent are completely connected, depends on the eye corner(canthus). Black∆  stones in the figure below are eye corners.

 

 

从上图可以看出,角上的真眼至少1只眼角是黑棋,边上的真眼至少少2只眼角是黑棋,中腹的真眼至少有3只眼角是黑棋。It can be seen from the figure above that at least one real eye on the corner is black, at least 2 real eyes on the side are black, and at least 3 real eyes in the abdomen are black.

 

 

下图中A和B同时是假眼和眼角,但把它们放在一起就变成真眼,不能被吃掉。A and B as on the figure below are both false eyes and eye corners, and then put together they become true eyes, not to be captured.

 

 

下图中的”a”和“x”是否真眼取决于眼角:On the figure below whether“a” and “x”are true eyes depend on the eye corner:

 

 

白1使得”a”变成假眼White1 makes “a”a false eye.

 

 

黑1使得两个都是真眼Black1 makes two true eyes.

 

 

练习 Exercises 练习1 Exercise 1黑在哪里可以做出真眼Where to play a black stone to make a true eye?

 

 

练习1答案 Answer to Exercise 1

 

 

练习2 Exercise 2黑在哪里可以做出真眼Where to play a black stone to make two true eyes?

 

 

练习2答案 Answer to Exercise 2

 

 

10)禁着点 forbidden intersection如果下子后却没有气,而且不能吃掉对手的棋子,这个点叫做“禁着点”。If there is no liberty after the move, and the opponent's stone cannot be captured, the intersection is called "forbidden intersection".
×都是禁着点“×”intersections are all forbidden intersections.

 

 

A位都是禁着点 “A” intersections are all forbidden intersections

 

 

白棋可以在这些禁着点吃黑子。White can capture black stones at these forbidden intersections.

 

 

11)目 moyo/(enclosed) point棋盘上被一方棋子围住的空白交点叫做“目”。The empty intersections on the board enclosed by one player’s stones is called "moyo(points)"

 

 

                                  

 

我们的围棋学习计划如下,请密切关注不要错过哦!

Our Go learning program is as follows. Please keep following closely, not to miss it!


由于需要学习的内容很多,我们先公布基本规则、基本技巧和基本战术的目录,然后公布战略布局和收官的学习目录。

As there is a lot to learn, we will first show you the contents of basic rules, basic moves and basic tactics, and later the contents of strategic overall layout and closing.


目录 Content


1 关于围棋 About Go


2 围棋的基本规则 Go Basic Rules

1) 游戏概念 game concept

2)围棋盘 Goban/board

3)拿子 hold and play a stone

4)气 liberty(way out/outlet)5)吃 capture

6)叫吃/打 atari(cheok/peep/threaten to take)

7)提/提子 take (stone)

8)反提 take back

9)眼 me/eye

10)禁着点 forbidden intersection

11)目 moyo/(enclosed) point

 

3 围棋的基本技巧 Go Basic Moves

1)粘/接(连) tsugi/connect

2)长 nobi/solid extend/stretch

3)尖 kosumi/diagonal move

4)跳 tobi/jump/leap

5)(小)飞 kogeima/knight’s move

小结:长,尖,跳,飞

Brief summary: nobi, kosumi, tobi, kogeina

6)拆 hiraki/extend

7)断 kiri/cut/break

8)扳/扳断 dane/wrench/pull off

9)扭/扭断 twist off

10)冲 tsuki-dashi/push through

11)挡osae/block

12)逼 tsume/checking extension(force/drive)

13)碰(靠) tsuke/an attachment(a contact play/next to)

14)压kake/oshi/pushing move

15)活棋、死棋和做活 Life, death and make alive

16)双活seki/impasse/mutual life

17)打劫 ko/threat(atari else where to take here)

18)虎口 tiger’s mouth

19)虎 make a tiger’s mouth

20)双虎 make double tiger’s mouths

21)小飞挂角 kogeima at a corner

22)尖顶 nobi and block

23)夹 clip(block on both sides)

24)托 hold(support)

25)渡 ferry(cross)

 

4 围棋的基本战术 Go Basic Tactics

1)死亡线 Death line

2)逃跑 escape

3)断点 cutting point

4)双叫吃(双打)ryo-atari/double atari

5)门吃/关门吃 enclose and capture

6)抱吃 hug and capture

7)征子/征吃/扭羊头 shicho/ladder

8)引征 ladder breaker

9)枷吃geta/net/fence in

10)倒扑 utte-gaeshi/a snapback(plunge back)

11)接不归 connection failed

12)扑与接不归连用 uchikaki and connection failed in conjunction

13)不入气/不入子与金鸡独立 deadly liberty/lethal stone and on one foot

14)二路吃 Line 2 capture

15)对杀semeai (capture race)

16)大小判断 size judgment

17)棋筋和废子 suji/gotendon and scrapped stone

18)手筋tesuji


5 围棋的战略布局 Go Strategic Overall Layout


6 收官计数 Closing and Scoring

 

 

 

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老师有个温馨建议


课后你在家里做什么?如果你有意参加HSK的话,杨老师有个建议,你可以访问杨老师的汉语教学网站 jyangkul.net 的“汉语水平考试 HSK”栏目中的“考试资料HSK Materials”,在那里杨老师已经放进去很多很多非常有用的HSK学习资料供你自学,从HSK一级到六级,包括“HSK标准教程”(课本、音频、练习册、PDF下载)等。祝大家学习进步!                                  

JYang has a warm suggestion

What do you do after class at home? If you want to take HSK, Jyang has a suggestion. You may vist "考试资料 HSK Materials" in the "汉语水平考试 HSK" section of Jyang’s website jyangkul.net, where JYang has put a lot of very useful HSK learning materials for your self-study, from Level 1 to Level 6, including "HSK Standard Courses" (textbook, audio, workbook, PDF for download), etc. Have a great progress in learning Chinese! 

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