学下围棋喽(2)Learn to Play Go(Weiqi)(1)

                                                    -- 基本规则Basic Rules

 

            

学下围棋喽 (2)
  -- 基本规则


Learn to Play Weiqi (GO) (2)
        -- Go Basic Rules
    

关键词学习 Key words to learn


围(wéi)棋(qí) weiqi/Go/baduk


下(xià)围(wéi)棋(qí) play Go


交(jiāo)叉(chā)点(diǎn) intersection


棋(qí)盘(pán) board


子(zǐ)/棋(qí)子(zǐ) stone


地(dì)盘(pán) territory


吃(chī) capture


黑(hēi)先(xiān) black starts/black’s turn


白(bái)先(xiān) white’s turn


围(wéi) enclose/surround


气(qì) liberty(way out/outlet)眼(yǎn) me/eye


叫(jiào)吃(chī)/打(dǎ) atari(cheok/peep/threaten to take)

 

 

大家好。上次我们一起学习了围棋的基本知识,今天我们继续学习围棋的基本规则,就是说,从今天开始,我们一起学习围棋的对弈。换句话说,就是准备进行短兵相接的厮杀啦。

Hello everyone. Last time we learned Go overview. Today let’s continue to learn Go basic rules, that is to say, starting today, we will learn the counteract Go playing together. In other words, we are ready to fight at close quarters.

在战场上,这可是互为死敌、你死我活啦。可是在围棋盘上,对杀的结果却是成为棋友,对杀得越狠,越可能成为终身的挚友。例如当年中国的围棋棋圣吴清源九段和日本的围棋大师木谷实九段,那可是世界上最凶狠的两个围棋对手,两个人对杀了一生,也成为一生的朋友。

If we were on the battlefield, we would be each other's mortal enemies. On the Go board, however, mutual killing results in chess friends. The harder the fight is, the more likely it is to become lifelong best friends. For example, once Chinese Go sage Wu Qingyuan, dan 9, and Japanese Go master Minoru Kitani, dan 9, the two most fierce Go opponents in the world, killing each other for a lifetime, became lifelong friends.

我们闲言少叙书归正传。

Let's get down to our business.

 

吴清源和木谷实对局 Wu Qingyuan and Minoru Kitani playing Go

 

 

2 围棋的基本规则 Go Basic Rules


1) 游戏概念 game concept


游戏从空棋盘开始。黑棋先走,两个玩家交替在棋盘上放置棋子,一经放上不可移动,尽力包围空区,同时通过包围对手的棋子将其吃掉并从棋盘上取走。地盘大的一方获胜。

Game starts with an empty board. Black starts, and two players alternately play stones which don't move on it, trying to enclose empty areas, whilst capturing the opponent's stones by enclosing them and taking them off the board. The side with the larger territory wins.

2)围棋盘 Goban (board)


棋盘由纵横各19条线组成,形成361个交叉点。有181个黑棋子和180个白棋子,共361枚。

The board consists of 19 vertical and 19 horizontal lines, forming 361 intersections. There are 181 black stones and 180 white stones, totally 361 pieces.

 

棋盘 board

 

棋盘上的线也叫做路,19条线的围棋也叫19路围棋,两个棋子相隔一个交叉点也叫隔1路。

The lines on the board are also called routes. A 19-line Go is also called 19-route Go, and two stones separated by an intersection is also called separated by one route.

棋盘上有9个黑点,中间的点叫天元,意思是天空的最高点,其余的叫星位。

There are 9 black intersections on the board. The middle one is called tengen (chunwon), meaning the highest point in the sky, and the rest are called hoshi (star points).

 

 

棋盘有四个角,四条边,以及中腹。图中蓝色区域称为“角”,绿色区域称为“边”,红色区域称为“中腹”。见下图。

A board has four corners, four sides, and a midsection. In the figure, the blue area is called "corner", the green area is called "side", and the red area is called "midsection". See the figure below.

 

 

3)拿子 hold and play a stone

放棋子的时候要用食指和中指夹住棋子(中指在上、食指在下),然后将棋子轻轻放在棋盘的交叉点上。

To play the stone, clamp the stone between index finger and middle finger (middle finger on top, index finger on bottom), and then lightly place the stone on the intersection of the board.

 

The left is right way, while the right is not right.

 

 

 

4) 气 liberty(way out/outlet)

棋子沿线连接的空点叫做气。如果所有的气被对手的棋子拿走,这些棋子就是死的,需要从棋盘上取走。

The empty intersections next to a stone along the lines are called its liberties. If all the liberties are taken by the opponent's stones, the stones become dead and need to be taken off the board.

 

角上的子在2个方向有气,边上的子在3个方向有气,中间的子在4个方向有口气。

The stone in the corner has liberties in 2 directions, on the side in 3 directions, on the midsection in 4 directions.

 

白子有3口气。The white stones have 3 liberties.

 

角上的子有2口气,边上的子有3口气,中间的子有4口气。

The stone in the corner has 2 liberties, on the side 3 liberties, in the center 4 liberties.

 

角上的2子有3口气,边上的2子有4口气,中腹的2子有6口气。

The two stones in the corner have 3 liberties, the two on the side 4 liberties, the two on the midsection 6 liberties.

 

5)吃 capture

包围对手使其没有气成为死棋。

Enclose the opponent’s stones and make them dead without liberty.

 

黑1吃白棋子 Black1 captures white stone

 

白1吃4个黑子 White1 captures 5 black stones

 

黑子都是死棋被吃掉。 

Black stones are dead and captured.

 

虽然被黑棋包围,白1仍然可以吃掉8个黑子。

Though enclosed, white1 still can capture 8 black stones.

 

虽然被黑棋包围,白棋仍然可以在x点吃掉8个黑子。

Though enclosed, white still can capture 3 black stones at x.


黑棋可以在B吃掉5个白∆。如果白棋占领B,黑棋仍然可以在A吃掉所有的白子。

Black can cupture 5 white△ at B. If white occupies B, black still can capture all the white stones at A.

 

6)叫吃/打 atari(cheok/peep/threaten to take)

警告对手只有一口气要被吃掉了。

Warn the opponent that his stones have only one liberty, to be captured.

黑1,2,3,4均是叫吃警告。

Blacks 1,2,3,4 are all atari warnings.

 

白1包围了黑子并叫吃黑子,此时黑棋只有1口气。

White1 encloses and atari warns black stone, leaving black only 1 liberty.

 

白1包围了黑子并叫吃黑子,此时黑棋只有1口气。

White1 encloses and atari warns black stones, leaving black only 1 liberty.

 

白1包围了黑子并叫吃黑子,此时黑棋只有1口气。

White1 encloses and atari warns black stones, leaving black only 1 liberty.

 

黑1,2,3,4包围了白子并叫吃白子,此时白棋只有1口气。

Blacks1,2,3,4 enclose and atari warn black stones, leaving black stones only 1 liberty.


练习1:黑子怎样叫吃?

Exercise1: how black atari?

 

 

练习1答案 Answer to Exercise 1:

黑∆可以叫吃白子,黑棋也可以在A,B,C,D叫吃

Black ∆ can atari white, and also can atari at A, B, C, D.


练习2:叫吃的方向

Exercise 2: In what way to atari

 

 

练习2答案 Answer to Exercise 2:

黑∆是唯一叫吃白子的正确方向

Black ∆ is the only correct way to capture white.

 

        

 

2014上海大学生围棋赛

2014 Shanghai university students Go competition

 

                                  

 

我们的围棋学习计划如下,请密切关注不要错过哦!

Our Go learning program is as follows. Please keep following closely, not to miss it!


由于需要学习的内容很多,我们先公布基本规则、基本技巧和基本战术的目录,然后公布战略布局和收官的学习目录。

As there is a lot to learn, we will first show you the contents of basic rules, basic moves and basic tactics, and later the contents of strategic overall layout and closing.


目录 Content


1 关于围棋 About Go


2 围棋的基本规则 Go Basic Rules

1) 游戏概念 game concept

2)围棋盘 Goban/board

3)拿子 hold and play a stone

4)气 liberty(way out/outlet)5)吃 capture

6)叫吃/打 atari(cheok/peep/threaten to take)

7)提/提子 take (stone)

8)反提 take back

9)眼 me/eye

10)禁着点 forbidden intersection

11)目 moyo/(enclosed) point

 

3 围棋的基本技巧 Go Basic Moves

1)粘/接(连) tsugi/connect

2)长 nobi/solid extend/stretch

3)尖 kosumi/diagonal move

4)跳 tobi/jump/leap

5)(小)飞 kogeima/knight’s move

小结:长,尖,跳,飞

Brief summary: nobi, kosumi, tobi, kogeina

6)拆 hiraki/extend

7)断 kiri/cut/break

8)扳/扳断 dane/wrench/pull off

9)扭/扭断 twist off

10)冲 tsuki-dashi/push through

11)挡osae/block

12)逼 tsume/checking extension(force/drive)

13)碰(靠) tsuke/an attachment(a contact play/next to)

14)压kake/oshi/pushing move

15)活棋、死棋和做活 Life, death and make alive

16)双活seki/impasse/mutual life

17)打劫 ko/threat(atari else where to take here)

18)虎口 tiger’s mouth

19)虎 make a tiger’s mouth

20)双虎 make double tiger’s mouths

21)小飞挂角 kogeima at a corner

22)尖顶 nobi and block

23)夹 clip(block on both sides)

24)托 hold(support)

25)渡 ferry(cross)

 

4 围棋的基本战术 Go Basic Tactics

1)死亡线 Death line

2)逃跑 escape

3)断点 cutting point

4)双叫吃(双打)ryo-atari/double atari

5)门吃/关门吃 enclose and capture

6)抱吃 hug and capture

7)征子/征吃/扭羊头 shicho/ladder

8)引征 ladder breaker

9)枷吃geta/net/fence in

10)倒扑 utte-gaeshi/a snapback(plunge back)

11)接不归 connection failed

12)扑与接不归连用 uchikaki and connection failed in conjunction

13)不入气/不入子与金鸡独立 deadly liberty/lethal stone and on one foot

14)二路吃 Line 2 capture

15)对杀semeai (capture race)

16)大小判断 size judgment

17)棋筋和废子 suji/gotendon and scrapped stone

18)手筋tesuji


5 围棋的战略布局 Go Strategic Overall Layout


6 收官计数 Closing and Scoring






 

 

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杨老师有个温馨建议


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JYang has a warm suggestion

What do you do after class at home? If you want to take HSK, Jyang has a suggestion. You may vist "考试资料 HSK Materials" in the "汉语水平考试 HSK" section of Jyang’s website jyangkul.net, where JYang has put a lot of very useful HSK learning materials for your self-study, from Level 1 to Level 6, including "HSK Standard Courses" (textbook, audio, workbook, PDF for download), etc. Have a great progress in learning Chinese! ________________

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