学下围棋(12)Learn to Play Go(Weiqi)(12)

                                 -战略布局Strategic Overall Layout

 

学下围棋喽 (12)
  -- 战略布局


Learn to Play Weiqi (GO) (12)
        -- Strategic Overall Layout
    

关键词学习 Key words to learn


围(wéi)棋(qí) weiqi/Go/baduk


下(xià)围(wéi)棋(qí) play Go


交(jiāo)叉(chā)点(diǎn) intersection


棋(qí)盘(pán) board


子(zǐ)/棋(qí)子(zǐ) stone


地(dì)盘(pán) territory


金(jīn)角(jiǎo)银(yín)边(biān)草(cǎo)肚(dù)皮(pí) Gold Corner, Silver Side, Copper Center


占(zhàn)角(jiǎo) occupy corner


守(shǒu)角(jiǎo) guarding corner


拆(chāi)边(biān)  connect corner and side


向(xiànɡ)中(zhōnɡ)央(yānɡ)发(fā)展(zhǎn) expand towards center

 

大家好。我们今天开始学习围棋的战略布局。我们学习围棋知识越多,围棋越是妙不可言、其乐无穷!

Hello everyone. Today let’s start to learn Go strategic overall layout. The more we have learned about Go, the more fantastic and greater joy it will be!

5 围棋的战略布局 Go Strategic Overall Layout

1)金角银边草肚皮(金角银边臭肚囊)
Gold Corner, Silver Side, Copper Center


我们再观察一下围棋盘的角、边和中腹。在棋盘的角,8个棋子就可以包围12个目(即交叉点),在棋盘的边,至少12个棋子才可以包围12个目,而在中腹则需要至少18个棋子。

Let's take another look at the corners, sides and midsection(center) of the Go board. In the corner, only 8 stones can enclose 12 intersections, while on the side at least 12 stones can enclose 12 intersections, in the center, at least 18 stones.


 

在角上,仅需六个子就可以围成两个眼,在边上最少需八个子,而在中腹则最少需十个子才能做到两眼。

In a corner, only six stones are needed to make two eyes, on a side at least eight eyes are needed, and in the midsection, at least ten eyes are required to make two eyes.

 

所以,棋盘的四个角是布局时首先考虑的,最早的棋子一般都是落在四个角,其次是四个边,最后是中腹,即角-边-中腹。
Therefore, the four corners of the board are the first considerations in the layout, and the first stones are played generally in the four corners, then the four sides, and finally the center, that is , corners-sides-center.

换言之,从做活的角度,角优于边,边优于中腹。
For survival, corners are better than sides, sides are better than the center


 

2)占角 occupy corner

占角非常重要,特别是在角上如何下第一个棋子很值得探讨。有6种基本的下子方法可以选择。

Occupying corners is very important, especially the way how to play the first stone on a corner is worth discussion. There are 6 basic ways to choose from.

方法1:在星位下子(见图1左上)。优点是可以很快占据优势,缺点是有可能被对手夺走这个角,如果对手在三三位下子(见下面方法2)。

Way 1: Play a stone at star position (see diagram 1: top on the left). The advantage is that it can quickly gain the advantage, but the disadvantage is that this corner may be taken away by opponent if opponent plays a stone in three-three position (see Way 2 below).

方法2:在三三位下子(见图1左下)。优点是直接占据角的实地,缺点是位置较低,容易被对手压制。

Way 2: Play a stone at three-three position (see diagram 1: bottom on the left). The advantage is that it directly occupies the field of the corner, the disadvantage is that the position is low and it is easy to be controlled by opponent.

方法3:在小目下子(见图1右上)。优点是占角容易,缺点也是位置较低。一个角有两个小目,A位也是小目。

Way 3: Play a stone at Xiao Mu position (see diagram 1: top on the right). The advantage is that it is easy to occupy the corner, but the disadvantage is that the position is lower. There are two Xiao Mu positions in a corner, and A position is also Xiao Mu.

以上3种是最常见的主要的占角下子的方法。此外还有在目外(图2左上)、高目(图2右上)、超高目(图2左下)下子的方法,一般来说缺点大于优点。

The above three ways are the most common and main ways to occupy corner. In addition, there are ways of playing a stone at Mu Wai (see diagram 2: top on the left), far from Gao Mu (see diagram 2: top on the right), and Chaogao Mu (see diagram 2: bottom on the left). Generally speaking, there are more disadvantages than advantages.


图1 Diagram 1


图2 Diagram 2

 

3)守角 guarding corner

星位的两种守角方式:小飞守角(下图左黑1)和大飞守角(下图右黑3)。

There are two ways of guarding corner about star position: at kogeima/knight’s move position (black 1 on the left of the following diagram) and at two-space kogeina position (black 3 on the right of the following diagram).


 

这样最形势稳固。
Such is the most stable situation.

 

挂角是防止对方守角的下法。

Kakari (hanging a stone at the corner) is the way to stop opponent’s guarding corner.

下图黑子都是小目挂角。

Black stones in the diagram below are low-position kakari.

 

下图黑子都是三三挂角。
Black stones in the diagram below are three-three-position kakari.

 

4)拆边  connect corner and side

拆边是将角部和边的地域连接起来,增强自己的领地面积,如下图中的黑1和黑3。

Connect corner and side is to connect corner territory and side territory in order to expand the territory area. See black 1 and black 3 in the diagram below.


 

5)向中央发展 expand towards center

占角之后就要及时向中央发展,以便占据更大地盘。

Expanding towards center becomes urgent after occupying corner, so as to occupy more territory.


 

                                 

 

本公众号已经发布的“学下围棋喽 -- 基本技巧”

“Learn to Play Go(Weiqi) --Basic Moves”already published in JYangSinology

(请点击查看 Please click and watch)


学下围棋喽(1)Learn to Play Go(Weiqi)(1)-- 过这村没这店Now or Never

学下围棋喽(2)Learn to Play Go(Weiqi)(2)-- 基本规则Basic Rules

学下围棋喽(3)Learn to Play Go(Weiqi)(3)-- 基本规则Basic Rules

学下围棋喽(4)Learn to Play Go(Weiqi)(4)-- 基本技巧Basic Moves

学下围棋喽(5)Learn to Play Go(Weiqi)(5)-- 基本技巧Basic Moves

学下围棋喽(6)Learn to Play Go(Weiqi)(6)-- 基本技巧Basic Moves

学下围棋喽(7)Learn to Play Go(Weiqi)(7)-- 基本技巧Basic Moves

学下围棋喽(8)Learn to Play Go(Weiqi)(8)-- 基本技巧Basic Moves

学下围棋喽(9)Learn to Play Go(Weiqi)(9)-- 基本技巧Basic Moves

学下围棋喽(10)Learn to Play Go(Weiqi)(10)-- 基本技巧Basic Moves

学下围棋喽(11)Learn to Play Go(Weiqi)(11)-- 基本技巧Basic Moves


                


我们的围棋学习计划如下,请密切关注不要错过哦!

Our Go learning program is as follows. Please keep following closely, not to miss it!


由于需要学习的内容很多,我们先公布基本规则、基本技巧和基本战术的目录,然后公布战略布局和收官的学习目录。

As there is a lot to learn, we will first show you the contents of basic rules, basic moves and basic tactics, and later the contents of strategic overall layout and closing.


目录 Content

1 关于围棋 About Go


2 围棋的基本规则 Go Basic Rules

1) 游戏概念 game concept

2)围棋盘 Goban/board

3)拿子 hold and play a stone

4)气 liberty(way out/outlet)5)吃 capture

6)叫吃/打 atari(cheok/peep/threaten to take)

7)提/提子 take (stone)

8)反提 take back

9)眼 me/eye

10)禁着点 forbidden intersection

11)目 moyo/(enclosed) point

 

3 围棋的基本技巧 Go Basic Moves

1)粘/接(连) tsugi/connect

2)长 nobi/solid extend/stretch

3)尖 kosumi/diagonal move

4)跳 tobi/jump/leap

5)(小)飞 kogeima/knight’s move

小结:长,尖,跳,飞

Brief summary: nobi, kosumi, tobi, kogeina

6)拆 hiraki/extend

7)断 kiri/cut/break

8) 扳/扳断 dane/wrench/pull off

9)扭/扭断 twist off

10)冲 tsuki-dashi/push through

11)挡osae/block

12)逼 tsume/checking extension(force/drive)

13)碰(靠) tsuke/an attachment(a contact play/next to)

14)压kake/oshi/pushing move

15)活棋、死棋和做活 Life, death and make alive

16)双活seki/impasse/mutual life

17)打劫 ko/threat(atari else where to take here)

18)虎口 tiger’s mouth

19)虎 make a tiger’s mouth

20)双虎 make double tiger’s mouths

21)小飞挂角 kogeima at a corner

22)尖顶 nobi and block

23)夹 clip(block on both sides)

24)托 hold(support)

25)渡 ferry(cross)

 

4 围棋的基本战术 Go Basic Tactics

1)死亡线 Death line

2)逃跑 escape

3)断点 cutting point

4)双叫吃(双打)ryo-atari/double atari

5)门吃/关门吃 enclose and capture

6)抱吃 hug and capture

7)征子/征吃/扭羊头 shicho/ladder

8)引征 ladder breaker

9)枷吃geta/net/fence in

10)倒扑 utte-gaeshi/a snapback(plunge back)

11)接不归 connection failed

12)扑与接不归连用 uchikaki and connection failed in conjunction

13)不入气/不入子与金鸡独立 deadly liberty/lethal stone and on one foot

14)二路吃 Line 2 capture

15)对杀semeai (capture race)

16)大小判断 size judgment

17)棋筋和废子 suji/gotendon and scrapped stone

18)手筋tesuji


5 围棋的战略布局 Go Strategic Overall Layout


6 收官计数 Closing and Scoring


                       

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杨老师有个温馨建议
课后你在家里做什么?如果你有意参加HSK的话,杨老师有个建议,你可以访问杨老师的汉语教学网站 jyangkul.net 的“汉语水平考试 HSK”栏目中的“考试资料HSK Materials”,在那里杨老师已经放进去很多很多非常有用的HSK学习资料供你自学,从HSK一级到六级,包括“HSK标准教程”(课本、音频、练习册、PDF下载)等。祝大家学习进步!                               

 JYang has a warm suggestionWhat do you do after class at home? If you want to take HSK, Jyang has a suggestion. You may vist "考试资料 HSK Materials" in the "汉语水平考试 HSK" section of Jyang’s website jyangkul.net, where JYang has put a lot of very useful HSK learning materials for your self-study, from Level 1 to Level 6, including "HSK Standard Courses" (textbook, audio, workbook, PDF for download), etc. Have a great progress in learning Chinese!

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