学下围棋喽(11)Learn to Play Go(Weiqi)(11)

                                                 -- 基本战术Basic Tactics

 

关键词学习 Key words to learn


围(wéi)棋(qí) weiqi/Go/baduk


下(xià)围(wéi)棋(qí) play Go


交(jiāo)叉(chā)点(diǎn) intersection


棋(qí)盘(pán) board


子(zǐ)/棋(qí)子(zǐ) stone


地(dì)盘(pán) territory


不(bù)入(rù)气(qì)/不(bù)入(rù)子(zǐ)与(yǔ)金(jīn)鸡(jī)独(dú)立(lì) deadly liberty/lethal stone and on one foot


二(èr)路(lù)吃(chī) Line 2 capture


对(duì)杀(shā)semeai (capture race)


大(dà)小(xiǎo)判(pàn)断(duàn) size judgment


棋(qí)筋(jīn)和(hé)废(fèi)子(zǐ) suji/gotendon and scrapped stone


手(shǒu)筋(jīn)tesuji

 

大家好。我们今天继续学习围棋的基本战术。我们学习围棋技巧越多,围棋越是妙不可言、其乐无穷!

Hello everyone. Today let’s continue to learn Go basic tactics. The more we have learned Go moves, the more fantastic and greater joy it will be!

今天是围棋基本战术的最后一讲。下次我们将不定期地讨论围棋的战略布局,请喜爱围棋的朋友们持续关注。

Today this is the last lecture on the Go basic tactics. Next time, we will discuss the Go strategic overall layout from time to time, so friends who love Go please continue to follow.

 

4 围棋的基本战术 Go Basic Tactics

13)不入气/不入子与金鸡独立 deadly liberty/lethal stone and on one foot


不入气也称为不入子,是在某一点不能放棋子,如果放棋子立刻会被吃掉。下棋的时候可以利用对手的不入气。

Deadly liberty, also called lethal stone, is that a stone cannot be played on some certain intersections, because the stone once played will be taken off immediately. Opponent’s deadly liberty can be taken advantage of in Go playing.

下图中,如果黑先,下在B点就是不入气,所以应该下在C叫吃白棋;如果白先,下在A或B都是不入气。

On the following figure, if it is Black’s turn to play, intersection B is deadly liberty, so a stone should be played at C to capture white stones; if it is White’s turn to play, A and B are deadly liberties.

 

可是下图中的黑棋应该怎么走?
But how should Black play as on the following figure?


黑1形成金鸡独立,使得A、B、C成为白棋不入气的点。
Black 1 becomes on one foot, making intersections A, B, and C deadly liberties for White.

 

14)二路吃 Line 2 capture


顾名思义,二路吃就是在棋盘第二路上的吃。因为靠近棋盘的边,所以在棋盘第二路上的吃有些特殊。

As the name implies, line 2 capture is capture on the second line of the board. Line 2 capture is a little special because it occurs near the sides of the board.

请考虑一下,下图中黑棋应该怎样吃白棋?
Please consider how should Black capture white stones on the figure below?

 

15)对杀semeai (capture race)


黑棋白棋互相包围,你死我活,关键在于谁先收气吃掉对方。要先收外气即棋子外面的气,然后收公气即黑棋白棋共有的气。

Black and White enclose each other capturing each other, and the key lies in who can reduce opponent’s liberties. The right way is to reduce the external liberties, namely the liberties outside the stones, and then reduce the public liberties, namely the liberties shared by both Black and White.

 

不要先收公气 Don't reduce the public liberties first.

 

先收外气 Reduce the external liberties first.

 

黑棋白棋各有3口气,黑先。黑子如果放在2黑子肯定会被吃掉,所以黑子应该按照顺序依次放在右边的1、2、3点上(即先收外气,再收公气),这样可以吃掉11个白子。

Black and white each has 3 liberties, and now it is black’s turn to play. If a black stone is placed at 2, black stones will definitely be captured, so the black stones should be placed on the 1, 2, and 3 intersections on the right in order (that is, reduce the external liberties first and then public liberties), so that 11 white stones can be taken off.

 

练习Exercise:(黑先杀白Black first to capture)


练习答案Answer to the exercise:(黑先杀白Black first to capture)

 

16)大小判断 size judgment


黑子应该下在A还是B?
Should a black stone be placed at A or B?

 

如果黑子下在A,可以吃掉4个白子:
If a black stone is placed at A, 4 white stones will be taken off:

 

这时,白棋就会放白子2吃掉一个黑子,这样左边的白棋活了。

At this time, White will capture one black stone by placing white 2, and in this way the white stones on the left will not be captured.
16-3

 

可是,如果黑子下在B,左右两边的白子都会被吃掉。
But when a black stone is placed at B, the white stones both on the right and on the left will be captured.


 

17)棋筋和废子 suji/gotendon and scrapped stone


(三角形标记的是棋筋,圆形标记的黑子是废子)

  (Trangles marked are gotendon stones, while round marked are scrapped stones)

棋筋指的是对于胜负至关重要的一颗或数颗棋子,因此绝对不能轻易放弃。
废子是指不重要的棋子,即使放弃成为弃子 sute-ishi (sacrifice stones)也没有关系。

Suji refers to one or more stones that are critical to the outcome, so it must not be easily given up.
Scrapped stones refer to those unimportant, though they are given up and become Sute-ishi (sacrifice stones) , it does not matter.

下图中两个黑∆是棋筋,不可放弃。而三个黑o则是废子,只好放弃。此时黑棋仍然具有优势。

The two black ∆ stones are suji, which cannot be given up, while the three black o stones are scrapped stones that must be given up. At this time Black still has the advantage.

 

假如黑棋救那三个废子的话,
If Black saves those three scrapped stones,

 

白棋就会提掉黑棋的棋筋。
White will take off Black’s suji.


于是黑棋变为弱势。
Thus Black becomes weak.

 

18)手筋tesuji
手筋指在关键的时候下出具有灵感的出人意外的妙手,使人惊叹。

Tesuji refers to an unexpected play move with inspiration at the critical moment which is amazing.

著名手筋
A famous tesuji


白子1-5强行吃黑子。
White stones capture black stones forcibly.  

 

至白9时,黑棋完全成为死棋。
When white 9 is played, all the black stones become dead.  

 

韩国围棋手筋
A korean Go tesuji  

 

黑棋从黑1-15连续包围白子。
Black stones enclose white stones constantly (1-15).  

 

 

                                        

 

本公众号已经发布的“学下围棋喽 -- 基本技巧”

“Learn to Play Go(Weiqi) --Basic Moves”already published in JYangSinology

(请点击查看 Please click and watch)


学下围棋喽(1)Learn to Play Go(Weiqi)(1)-- 过这村没这店Now or Never

学下围棋喽(2)Learn to Play Go(Weiqi)(2)-- 基本规则Basic Rules

学下围棋喽(3)Learn to Play Go(Weiqi)(3)-- 基本规则Basic Rules

学下围棋喽(4)Learn to Play Go(Weiqi)(4)-- 基本技巧Basic Moves

学下围棋喽(5)Learn to Play Go(Weiqi)(5)-- 基本技巧Basic Moves

学下围棋喽(6)Learn to Play Go(Weiqi)(6)-- 基本技巧Basic Moves

学下围棋喽(7)Learn to Play Go(Weiqi)(7)-- 基本技巧Basic Moves

学下围棋喽(8)Learn to Play Go(Weiqi)(8)-- 基本技巧Basic Moves

学下围棋喽(9)Learn to Play Go(Weiqi)(9)-- 基本技巧Basic Moves

学下围棋喽(10)Learn to Play Go(Weiqi)(10)-- 基本技巧Basic Moves


我们的围棋学习计划如下,请密切关注不要错过哦!

Our Go learning program is as follows. Please keep following closely, not to miss it!


由于需要学习的内容很多,我们先公布基本规则、基本技巧和基本战术的目录,然后公布战略布局和收官的学习目录。

As there is a lot to learn, we will first show you the contents of basic rules, basic moves and basic tactics, and later the contents of strategic overall layout and closing.


目录 Content


1 关于围棋 About Go


2 围棋的基本规则 Go Basic Rules

1) 游戏概念 game concept

2)围棋盘 Goban/board

3)拿子 hold and play a stone

4)气 liberty(way out/outlet)5)吃 capture

6)叫吃/打 atari(cheok/peep/threaten to take)

7)提/提子 take (stone)

8)反提 take back

9)眼 me/eye

10)禁着点 forbidden intersection

11)目 moyo/(enclosed) point

 

3 围棋的基本技巧 Go Basic Moves

1)粘/接(连) tsugi/connect

2)长 nobi/solid extend/stretch

3)尖 kosumi/diagonal move

4)跳 tobi/jump/leap

5)(小)飞 kogeima/knight’s move

小结:长,尖,跳,飞

Brief summary: nobi, kosumi, tobi, kogeina

6)拆 hiraki/extend

7)断 kiri/cut/break

8)扳/扳断 dane/wrench/pull off

9)扭/扭断 twist off

10)冲 tsuki-dashi/push through

11)挡osae/block

12)逼 tsume/checking extension(force/drive)

13)碰(靠) tsuke/an attachment(a contact play/next to)

14)压kake/oshi/pushing move

15)活棋、死棋和做活 Life, death and make alive

16)双活seki/impasse/mutual life

17)打劫 ko/threat(atari else where to take here)

18)虎口 tiger’s mouth

19)虎 make a tiger’s mouth

20)双虎 make double tiger’s mouths

21)小飞挂角 kogeima at a corner

22)尖顶 nobi and block

23)夹 clip(block on both sides)

24)托 hold(support)

25)渡 ferry(cross)

 

4 围棋的基本战术 Go Basic Tactics

1)死亡线 Death line

2)逃跑 escape

3)断点 cutting point

4)双叫吃(双打)ryo-atari/double atari

5)门吃/关门吃 enclose and capture

6)抱吃 hug and capture

7)征子/征吃/扭羊头 shicho/ladder

8)引征 ladder breaker

9)枷吃geta/net/fence in

10)倒扑 utte-gaeshi/a snapback(plunge back)

11)接不归 connection failed

12)扑与接不归连用 uchikaki and connection failed in conjunction

13)不入气/不入子与金鸡独立 deadly liberty/lethal stone and on one foot

14)二路吃 Line 2 capture

15)对杀semeai (capture race)

16)大小判断 size judgment

17)棋筋和废子 suji/gotendon and scrapped stone

18)手筋tesuji


5 围棋的战略布局 Go Strategic Overall Layout


6 收官计数 Closing and Scoring


                 

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杨老师有个温馨建议
课后你在家里做什么?如果你有意参加HSK的话,杨老师有个建议,你可以访问杨老师的汉语教学网站 jyangkul.net 的“汉语水平考试 HSK”栏目中的“考试资料HSK Materials”,在那里杨老师已经放进去很多很多非常有用的HSK学习资料供你自学,从HSK一级到六级,包括“HSK标准教程”(课本、音频、练习册、PDF下载)等。祝大家学习进步!                                 

 JYang has a warm suggestionWhat do you do after class at home? If you want to take HSK, Jyang has a suggestion. You may vist "考试资料 HSK Materials" in the "汉语水平考试 HSK" section of Jyang’s website jyangkul.net, where JYang has put a lot of very useful HSK learning materials for your self-study, from Level 1 to Level 6, including "HSK Standard Courses" (textbook, audio, workbook, PDF for download), etc. Have a great progress in learning Chinese! 

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