学下围棋喽(10)Learn to Play Go(Weiqi)(10)

                                              -- 基本战术Basic Tactics

 

                

 

学下围棋喽 (10)
  -- 基本战术
Learn to Play Weiqi (GO) (10)
        -- Go Basic Tactics
    

关键词学习 Key words to learn


围(wéi)棋(qí) weiqi/Go/baduk


下(xià)围(wéi)棋(qí) play Go


交(jiāo)叉(chā)点(diǎn) intersection


棋(qí)盘(pán) board


子(zǐ)/棋(qí)子(zǐ) stone


地(dì)盘(pán) territory


倒(dǎo)扑(pū) utte-gaeshi/a snap-back(plunge back)


接(jiē)不(bù)归(ɡuī) connection failed


扑(pū)与(yǔ)接(jiē)不(bù)归(ɡuī)连(lián)用(yònɡ) uchikaki and connection failed in conjunction

 

大家好。我们今天继续学习围棋的基本战术。我们学习围棋技巧越多,围棋越是妙不可言、其乐无穷!

Hello everyone. Today let’s continue to learn Go basic tactics. The more we have learned Go moves, the more fantastic and greater joy it will be!

 

4 围棋的基本战术 Go Basic Tactics

10)倒扑 utte-gaeshi/snap-back(plunge-back)

扑是在对手的虎口里放子,是一种钓鱼式的阴谋,所谓“兵不厌诈”嘛。

Snap(gaeshi) is to feed a stone in opponent's tiger's mouth, which is a kind of fishing conspiracy, so-called "soldiers are not tired of fraud".

扑可以减少对手的气或者眼。

Uchikaki is a throu-in move which reduces the opponent’s liberties or eyes.

倒扑是扑入对手虎口的棋子被提之后,发过来立刻吃掉对手更多的棋子。

Snap-back is that when the stone thrown into opponent's  tiger’s mouth is taken off, then in turn immediately capture more opponent’s stones.

 

白1是扑 White 1 is snap:


 

黑1,黑3,黑5,黑7都是扑:

Black 1, Black 3, Black 5, Black 7 are all snaps:

 

黑子是扑:

Black stone is snap:

 

黑1是扑:

Black 1 is snap:

 

黑1被提:

Black 1 is taken off:

 

黑棋反过来立刻反扑,黑3吃掉三个白子:

Black in turn immediately snap-back and black 3 takes three white stones off:

 

下图中,黑子下在A是钓鱼。

On the figure below, it is fishing conspiracy(snap) if Black plays stone at A.

 

练习 Exercise

下图中黑如何倒扑

On the figure below, how should Black snap back:

练习答案1 Answer 1 to the exercise:


练习答案2 Answer 2 to the exercise:

 

练习答案3 Answer 3 to the exercise:

 

练习答案4 Answer 4 to the exercise:

 

关门吃、征吃、枷吃、反扑练习:

Exercises for enclose and capture, ladder, geta and snap-back

 

答案 Answer

 

11)接不归 connection failed

对手要将两部分棋子连两次以上才能救活,但不管怎么连接,最后都要被吃掉其中一部分。这就是接不归,即无论如何无法连接起来。

Opponent has to connect the two parts of stones more than two times to save it, but no matter how they try, one or the two parts will be captured eventually. This is connection failed, that is, it is impossible for connection anyway.

下图中,黑棋只要在A或者B点打吃两个白棋,白棋就接不回去了。

On the figure below, when Black plays stone at A or B to capture the two white stones, the opponent cannot connect the two parts of white stones.

 

下图中,四个黑子被围。

On the following figure, four black stones are enclosed.

 

然后,黑1围4个白子。

Then black 1 encloses four white stones.

 

白2只好挡黑1。

White 2 has to block black 1.

 

黑3叫吃白棋。

Black 3 atari(threaten to capture) white stones.

 

白棋无论如何要被吃掉。

White stones will be captured anyhow.

-7

 

再如,黑棋想要法吃掉两个白▲。

For another example, Black wants to capture the two white ▲.

-8

 

黑1放入白棋的虎口。

Black 1 is placed in opponent’s tiger’s mouth.

 

白棋只好吃掉黑1.

White has to capture black 1.

 

黑3 吃掉三个白子。

Black 3 captures the three white stones.

 

需要注意的是,黑棋如果不扑,就不能吃掉白子,白子就会连接起来。

It should be noted that if Black does not snap, then white stones cannot be captured, and white stones will be connected.

 

12)扑与接不归连用 uchikaki and connection failed in conjunction


黑1故意放虎口中等待被吃。

Black 1 is put in tiger’s mouth to be captured for purpose.

 

白2吃掉黑1。

White 2 captures black 1.

 

黑3围住白子。

Black 3 encloses the white stones.

 

练习:下图中,黑先,用接不归吃掉白棋,是否用扑?

Exercise: on the following figure, it is black’s turn to play in the way of uchikaki and connection failed in conjunction. Is snap needed for each?

 

答案 Answer


1. 黑棋不用扑,就可以用接不归的方法吃掉白棋。

Snap is not needed to capture white stones in the way of uchikaki and connection failed in conjunction.

2. 黑棋先扑,再用接不归的方法在S16吃掉白子。

Snap is needed first and then capture white stones in the way of uchikaki and connection failed in conjunction at S16.

3. 黑棋不用扑,就可以用接不归的方法吃掉白棋。

Snap is not needed to capture white stones in the way of uchikaki and connection failed in conjunction.

4. 黑棋先扑,再用接不归的方法在Q1吃掉白子。

Snap is needed first and then capture white stones in the way of uchikaki and connection failed in conjunction at Q1.

 

                                        

 

本公众号已经发布的“学下围棋喽 -- 基本技巧”

“Learn to Play Go(Weiqi) --Basic Moves”already published in JYangSinology

(请点击查看 Please click and watch)


学下围棋喽(1)Learn to Play Go(Weiqi)(1)-- 过这村没这店Now or Never

学下围棋喽(2)Learn to Play Go(Weiqi)(2)-- 基本规则Basic Rules

学下围棋喽(3)Learn to Play Go(Weiqi)(3)-- 基本规则Basic Rules

学下围棋喽(4)Learn to Play Go(Weiqi)(4)-- 基本技巧Basic Moves

学下围棋喽(5)Learn to Play Go(Weiqi)(5)-- 基本技巧Basic Moves

学下围棋喽(6)Learn to Play Go(Weiqi)(6)-- 基本技巧Basic Moves

学下围棋喽(7)Learn to Play Go(Weiqi)(7)-- 基本技巧Basic Moves

学下围棋喽(8)Learn to Play Go(Weiqi)(8)-- 基本技巧Basic Moves

学下围棋喽(9)Learn to Play Go(Weiqi)(9)-- 基本技巧Basic Moves


我们的围棋学习计划如下,请密切关注不要错过哦!

Our Go learning program is as follows. Please keep following closely, not to miss it!


由于需要学习的内容很多,我们先公布基本规则、基本技巧和基本战术的目录,然后公布战略布局和收官的学习目录。

As there is a lot to learn, we will first show you the contents of basic rules, basic moves and basic tactics, and later the contents of strategic overall layout and closing.


目录 Content


1 关于围棋 About Go


2 围棋的基本规则 Go Basic Rules

1) 游戏概念 game concept

2)围棋盘 Goban/board

3)拿子 hold and play a stone

4)气 liberty(way out/outlet)5)吃 capture

6)叫吃/打 atari(cheok/peep/threaten to take)

7)提/提子 take (stone)

8)反提 take back

9)眼 me/eye

10)禁着点 forbidden intersection

11)目 moyo/(enclosed) point

 

3 围棋的基本技巧 Go Basic Moves

1)粘/接(连) tsugi/connect

2)长 nobi/solid extend/stretch

3)尖 kosumi/diagonal move

4)跳 tobi/jump/leap

5)(小)飞 kogeima/knight’s move

小结:长,尖,跳,飞

Brief summary: nobi, kosumi, tobi, kogeina

6)拆 hiraki/extend

7)断 kiri/cut/break

8)扳/扳断 dane/wrench/pull off

9)扭/扭断 twist off

10)冲 tsuki-dashi/push through

11)挡osae/block

12)逼 tsume/checking extension(force/drive)

13)碰(靠) tsuke/an attachment(a contact play/next to)

14)压kake/oshi/pushing move

15)活棋、死棋和做活 Life, death and make alive

16)双活seki/impasse/mutual life

17)打劫 ko/threat(atari else where to take here)

18)虎口 tiger’s mouth

19)虎 make a tiger’s mouth

20)双虎 make double tiger’s mouths

21)小飞挂角 kogeima at a corner

22)尖顶 nobi and block

23)夹 clip(block on both sides)

24)托 hold(support)

25)渡 ferry(cross)

 

4 围棋的基本战术 Go Basic Tactics

1)死亡线 Death line

2)逃跑 escape

3)断点 cutting point

4)双叫吃(双打)ryo-atari/double atari

5)门吃/关门吃 enclose and capture

6)抱吃 hug and capture

7)征子/征吃/扭羊头 shicho/ladder

8)引征 ladder breaker

9)枷吃geta/net/fence in

10)倒扑 utte-gaeshi/a snapback(plunge back)

11)接不归 connection failed

12)扑与接不归连用 uchikaki and connection failed in conjunction

13)不入气/不入子与金鸡独立 deadly liberty/lethal stone and on one foot

14)二路吃 Line 2 capture

15)对杀semeai (capture race)

16)大小判断 size judgment

17)棋筋和废子 suji/gotendon and scrapped stone

18)手筋tesuji


5 围棋的战略布局 Go Strategic Overall Layout


6 收官计数 Closing and Scoring


                 

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杨老师有个温馨建议
课后你在家里做什么?如果你有意参加HSK的话,杨老师有个建议,你可以访问杨老师的汉语教学网站 jyangkul.net 的“汉语水平考试 HSK”栏目中的“考试资料HSK Materials”,在那里杨老师已经放进去很多很多非常有用的HSK学习资料供你自学,从HSK一级到六级,包括“HSK标准教程”(课本、音频、练习册、PDF下载)等。祝大家学习进步!                                 

 JYang has a warm suggestionWhat do you do after class at home? If you want to take HSK, Jyang has a suggestion. You may vist "考试资料 HSK Materials" in the "汉语水平考试 HSK" section of Jyang’s website jyangkul.net, where JYang has put a lot of very useful HSK learning materials for your self-study, from Level 1 to Level 6, including "HSK Standard Courses" (textbook, audio, workbook, PDF for download), etc. Have a great progress in learning Chinese! 

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