学下围棋喽Learn to Play Go(Weiqi) (1)

                                                                       -- 过这村就没这店啦Now or Never

 

                                                                  学下围棋喽 (一)
                                                                              -- 机不可失失不再来
                                                                 Learn to Play Weiqi (GO) (I)
                                                                              -- Teraz Tylko(Teraz albo Nigdy)

                   

 

关键词学习 Key words to learn


棋(qí)类(lèi) chess/board game


围(wéi)棋(qí) weiqi/Go/baduk


下(xià)围(wéi)棋(qí) play Go


象(xiànɡ)棋(qí) Chess


过(ɡuò)这(zhè)村(cūn)没(méi)这(zhè)店(diàn) now or never(no such shop after passing this village)


机(jī)不(bù)可(kě)失(shī)失(shī)不(bú)再(zài)来(lái) now or never(Seize the chance and lost opportunity never returns.)


阿(ā)尔(ěr)法(fǎ)狗(ɡǒu)/阿(ā)尔(ěr)法(fǎ)围(wéi)棋(qí) AlphaGo(artificial intelligence Go)


交(jiāo)叉(chā)点(diǎn) intersection


棋(qí)盘(pán) board


子(zǐ)/棋(qí)子(zǐ) stone


地(dì)盘(pán) territory


吃(chī) capture


提(tí)(子(zǐ)) take captured stones off the board


黑(hēi)先(xiān) black starts/black’s turn


白(bái)先(xiān) white’s turn


围(wéi) enclose/surround


气(qì) liberty(way out/outlet)


眼(yǎn) me/eye


叫(jiào)吃(chī)/打(dǎ) atari(cheok/peep/threaten to take)


目(mù) moyo(points)


粘(nián)/接(jiē)(连(lián)) tsugi/connect


长(zhǎnɡ) nobi/solid extend/stretch


尖(jiān) kosumi/diagonal move


跳(tiào) tobi/jump/leap


飞(fēi) kogeima/knight’s move


断(duàn) kiri/cut/break


打(dǎ)劫(jié) ko/threat(atari else where to take here)


金(jīn)角(jiǎo)银(yín)边(biān)草(cǎo)肚(dù)皮(pí) gold corner, silver side, copper center


收(shōu)官(ɡuān) closing

 

                            

 

大家好!我们从今天开始学习围棋。

Hello everyone! We are going to learn Go from today on.


    -- 啥?围棋?为什么?
    -- 因为杨老师喜欢呗!正所谓“一入围棋深似海”,一旦涉足终身迷恋。别看杨老师不是什么围棋高手,杨老师可是从小爱好呢,围棋啦,象棋啦,杨老师都喜欢,虽然下得不算好,一般般,马马虎虎,但也不是”臭棋篓子”哦。

-- Co? Go? why?
--JYang loves it! As the saying goes, "A Go touching leads to an unknown fascinating world like sea". Once involved, in lifelong obsession. Although JYang is not a Go master player, he has been Go and Chess hobbyist since childhood. Although he is not playing excellently, not so well, just so-so, but he is not a “stinky chess player”.

世界上的棋类太多了,说起来,围棋的规则绝对是最简单的。别看规则最简单,里面的学问可是最大。怎么,你不相信?那就看看围棋的棋盘吧,绝对是所有棋类中最大的!而且总共有361个棋子,包括181个黑棋子和180个白棋子,绝对是所有棋类中最多的!

There are so many different board games in the world. But as we know, the rules of Go are definitely the simplest. Despite its simplest rules, Go is the most learned game. Why, you don’t believe it? Then take a look at the Go board, definitely the largest of all chess! And with a total of 361 pieces(stones) including 181 black ones and 180 white ones, its number of pieces is absolutely the highest of all chess! 


                                                              

再说了,现在患抑郁症、老年痴呆症的人越来越多,学习下围棋可以有效防止这类疾病,毕竟围棋是极好的智力运动嘛,围棋和游泳那可是我们的最佳健康卫士。

What is more, more and more people suffer from depression and Alzheimer's disease. Learning Go can effectively prevent such diseases. After all, Go is an excellent intellectual sport. Go and swimming are our best health guards. 

杨老师可不想得阿尔茨海默氏症,也不想得抑郁症!所以杨老师从现在起要坚持学习围棋啦。如果你真的喜欢围棋的话,不要勉强哦,就请持续跟进,和杨老师一起学习吧,不要错过哦。

JYang fears Alzheimer's disease, as well as depression! Thus JYang will keep learning Go from now on. If you really wish to learn Go, I mean don’t force yourself, keep following up to learn together with JYang. Don't miss this opportunity.​ 

好,我们闲言少叙、书归正传。我们的学习将分若干次,从基本知识到基本规则 从基本技巧到基本战术,从战略布局到收官。活到老学到老嘛,一定要耐心啊!

Well, let’s get down to our business now. We will learn from overview to basic moves, then from basic rules to basic tactics, and then from strategic overall layout to closing, in several sessions. Let’s live and learn! Do be patient!

    注:目录在本文后面。由于需要学习的内容很多,我们先公布基本规则、基本技巧和基本战术的目录,然后公布战略布局和收官的学习目录。

    Note: the contents are at the bottom. As there is a lot to learn, we will first show you the contents of basic rules, basic moves and basic tactics, and later the contents of strategic overall layout and closing.

我们今天就来了解一点围棋的基本知识。

Today let’s learn something about Go.

 

 

1 关于围棋 About Go


围棋是世界上最伟大的战略棋盘游戏之一,起源于4,000多年前的中国,传遍全世界。

Go (Weiqi) is one of the world's greatest strategic board games and originated in China over 4,000 years ago, then spreading to the entire world.

科学界公认围棋对儿童的心理发展有着巨大的影响,特别是在推理方面,而且可以阻止或逆转郁郁症和老年痴呆症(阿尔茨海默氏症)等。

Go is recognized by the scientific community that Go has a huge impact on children's psychological development, especially in reasoning, and it can prevent or cure depression, Alzheimer's disease, etc.

围棋作为一种战略棋盘游戏,尽管只有几个简单的规则,却提供了几乎无限的可能性。

As a strategic board game, Go provides almost limitless possibilities, despite its just a few simple rules.

学会下围棋只需要一点儿时间,下好围棋却需要很长时间。仅仅对于业余玩家,其水平等级就分为两个阶段,即初级25个级位(25级-1级),然后升至8个段位(1段-8段)。

It will take a little while to grasp the rules but a long time to master them. Just for amateur players, the level rating is divided into two, namely 25 levels of Kyu (25K-1K) for beginners, and then up to 8 levels of Dan (1D -8D).

 

                              

 

                                                                             图片来自 Pictures from:

                                                                            

 

我们的围棋学习计划如下,请密切关注不要错过哦!
Our Go learning program is as follows. Please keep following closely, not to miss it!

 

                                                        目录 Content


1 关于围棋 About Go


2 围棋的基本规则 Go Basic Rules

1) 游戏概念 game concept

2)围棋盘 Goban/board

3)拿子 hold and play a stone

4)气 liberty(way out/outlet)5)吃 capture

6)叫吃/打 atari(cheok/peep/threaten to take)

7)提/提子 take (stone)

8)反提 take back

9)眼 me/eye

10)禁着点 forbidden intersection

11)目 moyo/(enclosed) point

 

3 围棋的基本技巧 Go Basic Moves

1)粘/接(连) tsugi/connect

2)长 nobi/solid extend/stretch

3)尖 kosumi/diagonal move

4)跳 tobi/jump/leap

5)(小)飞 kogeima/knight’s move

小结:长,尖,跳,飞

Brief summary: nobi, kosumi, tobi, kogeina

6)拆 hiraki/extend

7)断 kiri/cut/break

8) 扳/扳断 dane/wrench/pull off

9)扭/扭断 twist off

10)冲 tsuki-dashi/push through

11)挡osae/block

12)逼 tsume/checking extension(force/drive)

13)碰(靠) tsuke/an attachment(a contact play/next to)

14)压kake/oshi/pushing move

15)活棋、死棋和做活 Life, death and make alive

16)双活seki/impasse/mutual life

17)打劫 ko/threat(atari else where to take here)

18)虎口 tiger’s mouth

19)虎 make a tiger’s mouth

20)双虎 make double tiger’s mouths

21)小飞挂角 kogeima at a corner

22)尖顶 nobi and block

23)夹 clip(block on both sides)

24)托 hold(support)

25)渡 ferry(cross)

 

4 围棋的基本战术 Go Basic Tactics

1)死亡线 Death line

2)逃跑 escape

3)断点 cutting point

4)双叫吃(双打)ryo-atari/double atari

5)门吃/关门吃 enclose and capture

6)抱吃 hug and capture

7)征子/征吃/扭羊头 shicho/ladder

8)引征 ladder breaker

9)枷吃geta/net/fence in

10)倒扑 utte-gaeshi/a snapback(plunge back)

11)接不归 connection failed

12)扑与接不归连用 uchikaki and connection failed in conjunction

13)不入气/不入子与金鸡独立 deadly liberty/lethal stone and on one foot

14)二路吃 Line 2 capture

15)对杀semeai (capture race)

16)大小判断 size judgment

17)棋筋和废子 suji/gotendon and scrapped stone

18)手筋tesuji


5 围棋的战略布局 Go Strategic Overall Layout


6 收官计数 Closing and Scoring


                                               图片

杨老师有个温馨建议
课后你在家里做什么?如果你有意参加HSK的话,杨老师有个建议,你可以访问杨老师的汉语教学网站 jyangkul.net 的“汉语水平考试 HSK”栏目中的“考试资料HSK Materials”,在那里杨老师已经放进去很多很多非常有用的HSK学习资料供你自学,从HSK一级到六级,包括“HSK标准教程”(课本、音频、练习册、PDF下载)等。祝大家学习进步!                                  J

Yang has a warm suggestionWhat do you do after class at home? If you want to take HSK, Jyang has a suggestion. You may vist "考试资料 HSK Materials" in the "汉语水平考试 HSK" section of Jyang’s website jyangkul.net, where JYang has put a lot of very useful HSK learning materials for your self-study, from Level 1 to Level 6, including "HSK Standard Courses" (textbook, audio, workbook, PDF for download), etc. Have a great progress in learning Chinese! 

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