“商务汉语”课堂辅导(九)

                         Our Course"Business Chinese"(IX)

 

我们的“商务汉语”课程采用的教材是北京大学出版社的《高级速成商务汉语I》。

 

The textbook used in our "Business Chinese" course is "Advanced New Silk Road Business Chinese I" by Beijing University Press. 

                                  

第二课 芝麻开门 -- 银行利率及投资、贷款

Lesson 2 Open treasure trove 

-- Bank interest rate and investment & load

 

一.重点词语  Key words


基jī准zhǔn利lì率lǜ Benchmark interest rate

金jīn融rónɡ finance/banking/monetary

过ɡuò热rè overheated

存cún款kuǎn deposits in the bank\bank savings

贷dài款kuǎn loan/make loans

现xiàn行xínɡ current

百bǎi分fēn点diǎn percentage

下xià调diào float downward

上shànɡ调diào

利lì率lǜ raise interest rate

累lěi计jì add up to

消xiāo费fèi consume

上shànɡ涨zhǎnɡ rise/go up

货huò币bì money/currency

硬yìnɡ通tōnɡ货huò hard currency

信xìn贷dài credit

通tōnɡ货huò膨pénɡ胀zhànɡ inflation of currency

金jīn额é amount of money

统tǒnɡ计jì statistics

人rén民mín币bì Chinese Yuan/Renminbi (RMB)

跨kuà国ɡuó multinational/cross naitonal

提tí交jiāo submit

申shēn请qǐnɡ书shū application let

支zhī付fù/付fù款kuǎn pay

转zhuǎn账zhànɡ transfer accounts

受shòu理lǐ accept and hear the case

客kè户hù buyer/client/customer

加jiā息xī adding-on interest

贸mào易yì顺shùn差chā favourabe balance of trade

贸mào易yì逆nì差chā adverse balance of trade

负fù面miàn/消xiāo极jí的de/阴yīn negetive

正zhènɡ面miàn/积jī极jí的de/阳yánɡ positive

预yù期qī expect/anticipate

理lǐ财cái manage money matters

外wài汇huì牌pái价jià/汇huì率lǜ exchange rate


二.重要句型 Important sentence patterns


1. 有yǒu利lì于yú/对duì.....有yǒu好hǎo处chù beneficial to/help/be good to

团结有利于战胜困难。Solidarity helps overcome difficulties.

运动有利于健康。Exercise is good for health.

2. 仅jǐn次cì于yú second only to/next to/preceded only by

印度人口众多,仅次于中国。India has a large population, second only to China.

3. 分fēn别bié respectively/differently

他们毕业后分别当了教师和工程师。After graduation, they became a teacher and an engineer. 

 

三.练习(作业)(5月15日前) Exercises (Homework) (before May 15)
1. 用所给的词语造句 Make sentences with the words given:


1) 有利于2) 仅次于3) 不利于4) 分别


2. 请试着用汉语(如果有困难,也可以用英语或波兰语)回答下面的问题:

Please try to answer the following question in Chinese(or in English or Polish if any difficulty)

如果你有50,000美元,你选择做什么:1

)在银行存款;2)在银行理财;3)投资。为什么?


If you have US $ 50,000, what do you choose to do: 1) Deposit in a bank; 2) Manage money in a bank; 3 "Invest. Give your reasons. 

 四. 更多有关词语供参考

More related words for reference


汇huì款kuǎn remittance           

汇huì款kuǎn单dān postal order

汇huì款kuǎn人rén sender             

收shōu款kuǎn人rén recipient

通tōnɡ货huò膨pénɡ胀zhànɡ inflation        

储chǔ蓄xù

存cún款kuǎn savings deposit

存cún折zhé bankbook             

存cún单dān certificate of deposit

定dìnɡ期qī存cún款kuǎn fixed account    

活huó期qī存cún款kuǎn current account

储chǔ户hù depositordepositor            

本běn金jīn principal

利lì息xī interest            

 复fù利lì compound interest

利lì率lǜ interest rate       

 贴tiē现xiàn率lǜ discount rate

存cún入rù deposit              

取qǔ款kuǎn draw money

开kāi户hù头tóu open an account    

到dào期qī的de mature

预yù付fù payment in advance   

透tòu支zhī overdraw; overdraft

贷dài款kuǎn loan                 

消xiāo费fèi者zhě

信xìn贷dài consumer credit

信xìn用yònɡ

贷dài款kuǎn fiduciary loan   

担dān保bǎo securities

赊shē账zhànɡ on credit(account)   

用yònɡ房fánɡ屋wū抵dǐ押yā贷dài款kuǎn mortgage a house

佣yònɡ金jīn commission           

回huí扣kòu sales commission

零línɡ用yònɡ钱qián pocket moneymoney       

利lì润rùnprofit

投tóu资zī investmentinvestment          

 工ɡōnɡ资zī额é(名mínɡ单dān) payroll

发fā薪xīn日rì paydaypayday             

破pò产chǎn bankrupt(cy)

升shēnɡ值zhí revaluation        

贬biǎn值zhí devaluation

外wài汇huì foreign exchange     

兑duì现xiàn cash v.

汇huì款kuǎn remit money          

电diàn汇huì telegraphic transfer/TT

信xìn汇huì mail transfer        

邮yóu政zhènɡ

汇huì款kuǎn postal remittance

保bǎo险xiǎn insurance            

保bǎo险xiǎn

客kè户hù policy-holder

保bǎo险xiǎn(投tóu保bǎo)人rén insurer      

被bèi保bǎo险xiǎn人rén assured; insured

保bǎo险xiǎn金jīn额é sum insuredinsured     

 保bǎo险xiǎn单dān insurance policy

人rén寿shòu保bǎo险xiǎn life insurance   

赔péi款kuǎn indemnity

索suǒ赔péi claim                

续xù保bǎo renew

出chū纳nà员yuán cashier

柜ɡuì台tái counter

会kuài计jì accountant

自zì动dònɡ取qǔ款kuǎn机jī ATM/cash machine


本公众号曾发布的更多“课堂辅导”

More“Our Courses” 

published in JYangSinology


(请点击查看 Please click and watch)


“经济阅读”课堂辅导(一)Our Course"Economy Text Reading"(I)

“经济阅读”课堂辅导(二)Our Course"Economy Text Reading"(II)

“经济阅读”课堂辅导(三)Our Course"Economy Text Reading"(III)

“经济阅读”课堂辅导(四)Our Course"Economy Text Reading"(IV)

“经济阅读”课堂辅导(五)Our Course"Economy Text Reading"(V)

“经济阅读”课堂辅导(六)Our Course"Economy Text Reading"(VI)


“商务汉语”课堂辅导(一)Our Course"Business Chinese"(I)

“商务汉语”课堂辅导(二)Our Course"Business Chinese"(II)

“商务汉语”课堂辅导(三)Our Course"Business Chinese"(III)

“商务汉语”课堂辅导(四)Our Course"Business Chinese"(IV)

“商务汉语”课堂辅导(五)Our Course"Business Chinese"(V)

“商务汉语”课堂辅导(六)Our Course"Business Chinese"(VI)

“商务汉语”课堂辅导(六)Our Course"Business Chinese"(VI)

“商务汉语”课堂辅导(七)Our Course"Business Chinese"(VII)

“商务汉语”课堂辅导(八)Our Course"Business Chinese"(VIII)


未完待续 To be continued

 

学习汉语的课堂;了解中国的窗口

A Classroom for Chinese Learning;

A Window for Knowing China